Review of Residual Stress Measurement by Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Technique

Determination of residual stress state is important for quality, integrity, and service performance of the components and structures. Almost all manufacturing processes cause considerable amounts of residual stress; thus, any process or product design ignoring it involves a risk for distortion or early failure. Among the existing methods, the magnetic Barkhausen noise method has been gaining attention for measuring residual stresses nondestructively in ferromagnetic materials. It is sensitive to the interactions between the magnetic structure and microstructure or residual stress fields. So far, successful qualitative results have been obtained for monitoring the residual stress variations on the surfaces of the components manufactured by various processes. However, some challenging tasks exist, such as obtaining reliable quantitative results when residual stresses and microstructure change at the same time or extracting depth-specific information. This article reviews the studies for the measurement of residual stress bymagnetic Barkhausen noisemethod, particularly focusing on the processes widely used in industry, namely shot peening and welding.


Gür, Cemil Hakan; Yelbay, Hasan İlker; Çam, İbrahim (2010-06-11)
Residual stresses have significant inflences on the service performance of the welded components. Various studies have been continuing to develop nondestructive methods for determination of residual stresses with portable equipment and short measurement time, as an alternative to the existing techniques such as X-ray diffraction. This study aims to investigate the applicability of Magnetic Barkhausen Noise method on predicting surface residual stresses in the welded steel plates.
Measurement of residual stresses in the carburized steels by non destructive techniques
Hızlı, Hüseyin; Kaleli, Tuğçe; Gür, Cemil Hakan (null; 2016-10-01)
Residual stress state on the surface layers has a critical effect on the service performance and fatigue life of the carburized components. Non-destructive determination of residual stress state in a rapid and reliable way has being gained importance for industrial applications. The aim of this study is to investigate the efficiency of the magnetic Barkhausen noise (MBN) method for monitoring the residual stress variations as a function of carburizing process parameters. For this purpose, MBN and XRD measur...
Comparison of Nondesturctive Stress Measurement Techiques for Determinatuion of Residual Stresses in the Heat Treated Steels
Hizli, Huseyin; Gür, Cemil Hakan (MATERIALS RESEARCH FORUM LLC, 105 SPRINGDALE LN, MILLERSVILLE, PA 17551 USA; 2018-09-14)
Service life and performance of the case-hardened machine parts are greatly dependent on the residual stress state in the surface layers which directly affects the fatigue behavior. Recently, all industrial sectors have been requested for a fast and non-destructive determination of residual stress. This study aims to monitor of the variations in surface residual stress distributions in the carburized 19CrNi5H steels by means of non-destructive and semi-destructive measurement techniques, Magnetic Barkhausen...
Application of the Contour Method to Determine Axial Residual Stresses in Cold Extruded Steel Rods
Aydin, O.; Şimşir, Caner (2021-01-01)
Residual stresses in cold extruded parts play an important role in both component lifetime and succeeding in manufacturing performance. When a cold extruded part is used directly, the lifetime of the part depends on the residual stresses induced during cold extrusion. On the other hand, if the part is exposed to post operations such as machining, residual stresses may cause distortions. Despite their importance, there are only a few residual stress measurement methods to assess axial residual stresses in fu...
Monitoring variation of surface residual stresses in shot peened steel components by the magnetic Barkhausen noise method
SAVAŞ, SERDAR; Gür, Cemil Hakan (2010-12-01)
Shot peening is a cold working process by which residual compressive stresses are induced in the surface and near-surface region to increase the fatigue strength and the resistance to stress corrosion cracking This study covers non-destructive evaluation of surface residual stresses in the shot peened steel components by the magnetic Barkhausen noise method For this purpose various sets of steel specimens were prepared by a controlled shot peening process with different intensities impact angles and coverag...
Citation Formats
C. H. Gür, “Review of Residual Stress Measurement by Magnetic Barkhausen Noise Technique,” MATERIALS PERFORMANCE AND CHARACTERIZATION, pp. 504–525, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: