Creep Behaviour of a Polymer-based Underground Support Liner

Güner, Doğukan
Öztürk, Hasan
All underground excavations (tunnels, mines, caverns, etc.) need a form of support to ensure that excavations remain safe and stable for the designed service lifetime. In the last decade, a new support material, thin spray-on liner (TSL) has started to take place of traditional underground surface supports of bolts and shotcrete. TSLs are generally cement, latex, polymer-based and also reactive or non-reactive, multi-component materials applied to the rock surface with a layer of few millimeter thickness. They have the advantages of low volume, logistics, rapid application and low operating cost. The majority of current TSLs are two-part products that are mixed on site before spraying onto excavation rock surfaces. Contrary to the traditional brittle supports, the high plastic behaviour of TSLs make them to distribute the loads on larger lining area. In literature, there is a very limited information exist on the creep behavior of TSLs. In this study, the creep behavior of a polymer-based TSL was investigated. For this purpose, 7-day cured dogbone TSL specimens were tested under room temperature and humidity conditions according to ASTM-D2990 creep testing standard. A range of dead weights (80, 60, 40, and 20 % of the tensile strength) were applied up to 1500 hours. As a result of this study, the time-dependent strain behavior of a TSL was presented for different constant load conditions. Moreover, a new equation was derived to estimate tensile failure time of the TSL for a given loading condition. If the tensile stress acting on the TSL is known, the effective permanent support time of the TSL can be estimated by the proposed relationship., Polymer-based liner, TSL, Creep, Membrane, Support


Creep behaviour analysis of thin spray-on liners
Güner, Doğukan; Öztürk, Hasan; Department of Mining Engineering (2020)
Thin Spray-on Liner (TSL) is a relatively thin (2–5 mm) and fast-setting liner material used by spraying onto rock surfaces to support underground excavations. Areal support materials that are sprayed onto the rock, such as shotcrete or liners, are able to generate support resistance at small rock deformations and can prevent underground rockfalls from happening in the first place. However, where large ground convergence occurs, the more flexible TSLs may provide superior support over the full range of rock...
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A software GPS receiver is a functional GPS receiver in software. It has several advantages compared to its hardware counterparts. For instance, improvements in receiver architecture as well as GPS system structure can be easily adapted to it. Furthermore, interaction between nearby sensors can be coordinated easily. In this thesis, a SGR (software GPS receiver) is presented from a practical point of view. Major components of the SGR are implemented in Matlab environment. Furthermore, some alternative algor...
Generic creep behavior and creep modeling of an aged surface support liner under tension
Guner, D.; Gölbaşı, Onur; Öztürk, Hasan (2022-04-01)
Polymer-based materials have been motivated to be an alternative support system element in the mining/tunneling industry due to their logistic and geotechnical benefits. Thin spray-on liner (TSL), a term to define the application of the material on the rock surface with a layer ranging from 2 mm to 10 mm in thickness, shows some promising results. TSLs are mainly composed of plastic, polymer, or cement-based ingredients to a certain proportion. This study intends to reveal the time-dependent response of TSL...
Creep modelling study of a surface support liner
Güner, Doğukan; Öztürk, Hasan (2018-06-24)
Surface supports are widely used in underground excavations. Since conventional surface support liners have inherently-brittle characteristics and require longer curing period, an alternative support system using polymer based surface support liner, thin spray-on liners (TSLs), has been observed to have a promising ductile and fast-curing potential for underground operations. TSLs can exhibit a good performance for highly-stressed, deep, rock bursting conditions as well when used together with rock bolts an...
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Citation Formats
D. Güner and H. Öztürk, “Creep Behaviour of a Polymer-based Underground Support Liner,” 2017, vol. 1884, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: