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Implementation of software GPS receiver

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2005
Günaydın, Ezgi
A software GPS receiver is a functional GPS receiver in software. It has several advantages compared to its hardware counterparts. For instance, improvements in receiver architecture as well as GPS system structure can be easily adapted to it. Furthermore, interaction between nearby sensors can be coordinated easily. In this thesis, a SGR (software GPS receiver) is presented from a practical point of view. Major components of the SGR are implemented in Matlab environment. Furthermore, some alternative algorithms are implemented. SGR implementation is considered in two main sections namely a signal processing section and a navigation section. Signal processing section is driven by the raw GPS signal samples obtained from a GPS front-end of NordNavTM R-25 instrument. The conventional and the block adjustment of synchronizing signal (BAAS) processing methods are implemented and their performances are compared in terms of their speed and outputs. Signal processing section outputs raw GPS measurements and navigation data bits. Since the output data length is insufficient in our case, navigation section input is fed from AshtechTM GPS receiver for a moving platform and TrimbleTM GPS Receiver for a stationary platform. Satellite position computation, pseudorange corrections, Kalman filter and LSE (least squares estimation) are implemented in the navigation section. Kalman filter and LSE methods are compared in terms of positioning accuracy for a moving as well as a stationary platform. Results are compared with the commercial GPS outputs. This comparison shows that the software navigation section is equivalent to the commercial GPS in terms of positioning accuracy.