The Unaz Formation: A Key Unit in the Western Black Sea Region, N Turkey

Tuysuz, Okan
Yılmaz, İsmail Ömer
Svabenicka, Lilian
Kirici, Sabri
The Pontide magmatic belt in the Western Pontides, which developed in response to the northward subduction of the northern branches of the Tethys Ocean, consists of two different volcanic successions separated by an Upper Santonian pelagic limestone unit, the Unaz Formation. The first period of volcanism and associated sedimentation started during the Middle Turonian and lasted until the Early Santonian under the control of an extensional tectonic regime, which created horst-graben topography along the southern Black Sea region. The lower volcanic succession, the Derekoy Formation, was deposited mainly within these grabens. This extensional period probably represents the rifting of magmatic arc, giving rise to the opening of the Western Black Sea back-intra-arc basin.


Ellero, Alessandro; Ottria, Giuseppe; Sayıt, Kaan; Catanzariti, Rita; Frassi, Chiara; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal; Marroni, Michele; Pandolfi, Luca (2015-01-01)
In the Central Pontides (Northern Turkey), south of Tosya, a tectonic unit consisting of not-metamorphic volcanic rocks and overlying sedimentary succession is exposed inside a fault-bounded elongated block. It is restrained within a wide shear zone, where the Intra-Pontide suture zone, the Sakarya terrane and the Izmir-Ankara-Erzincan suture zone are juxtaposed as result of strike-slip activity of the North Anatolian shear zone. The volcanic rocks are mainly basalts and basaltic andesites (with their pyroc...
Basement structure and architecture of the Black Sea Basin
Kaymakcı, Nuretdin; Horn, Brian (null; 2018-01-28)
Black Sea consists of two separate back arc basins which opened at different times during the Cretaceous in response to northward subduction of the Neo-Tethys Ocean. The paucity of well data, complex geometries and seismic imaging challenges mean that questions remain regarding the basement architecture though most authors accept that, at least in part, both these basins are floored by oceanic crust, even though there are no magnetic stripes. Interpretation of deep, long offset seismic data (imaging to more...
The Cretaceous Mardin Group carbonates in southeast Turkey: Lithostratigraphy, foraminiferal biostratigraphy, microfacies and sequence stratigraphic evolution
Ozkan, Recep; Altıner, Demir (Elsevier BV, 2019-06-01)
The Mardin Group strata, as a product of the Cretaceous carbonate platform developed in the northern margin of the Arabian Platform, consists of a thick sedimentary sequence composed mostly of carbonates with subordinate clastic sediments. In this study, three stratigraphic sections Turkoglu, Derik and Inisdere addressing this sequence have been investigated in terms of lithostratigraphy and biostratigraphy combined with microfacies analysis and sequence stratigraphic interpretation. A comprehensive examina...
The Jurassic-Early Cretaceous basalt-chert association in the ophiolites of the Ankara Melange, east of Ankara, Turkey: age and geochemistry
Bortolotti, Valerio; Chiari, Marco; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal; Principi, Gianfranco; Saccani, Emilio; TEKİN, UĞUR KAĞAN; Tassinari, Renzo (2018-02-01)
This study is focused on slide blocks including oceanic lavas associated with pelagic sediments within the eastern part of the Ankara Melange. A detailed petrological characterization of the volcanic rocks and a detailed biochronological investigation of the associated radiolarian cherts in eight sections (east of Ankara) was carried out. The volcanic rocks are largely represented by basalts and minor ferrobasalts and trachytes. They show different geochemical affinities and overlapping ages including: (a) ...
The Tarakli Flysch in the Boyali area (Sakarya Terrane, northern Turkey): Implications for the tectonic history of the IntraPontide suture zone
Catanzariti, Rita; Ellero, Alessandro; Göncüoğlu, Mehmet Cemal; Marroni, Michele; Ottria, Giuseppe; Pandolfi, Luca (2013-11-01)
In the Boyali area, northern Turkey, the tectonic units of the Istanbul-Zonguldak Terrane and the IntraPontide suture zone are thrust over the deposits at the top of the Sakarya Terrane, known as Tarakli Flysch. It consists of Early Maastrichtian-Middle Paleocene turbidite and mass-gravity deposits, whose source mainly corresponds to the Istanbul-Zonguldak Terrane, and, with a lesser extent, to the IntraPontide suture zone. These deposits were sedimented in a foredeep basin developed during the convergence ...
Citation Formats
O. Tuysuz, İ. Ö. Yılmaz, L. Svabenicka, and S. Kirici, “The Unaz Formation: A Key Unit in the Western Black Sea Region, N Turkey,” TURKISH JOURNAL OF EARTH SCIENCES, pp. 1009–1028, 2012, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: