This paper tries to formulate a link between a phenomenological description of certain experiences of the co-presence of the past, present and future with the scientific theory of the block model of the universe that is based on the Einstein-Minkovski conception of spacetime. The argument that is constructed to this end utilizes Whitehead's process metaphysics. Using Whiteheads attack on the bifurcation of nature problem as my springboard, I argue that even though the passage of time as described in the block model of the universe transcends our perception of nature (i.e., the 4-dimensional space-time transcends passage of time as we perceive it), this transcendence need not introduce an unbridgeable gap between appearance and reality. I then make use of Reiser's application of Whitehead's metaphysics to Gestalt psychology to provide an explanation of our perception of time from a scientific point of view that does not conceptualize mental spacetime as bifurcated from physical spacetime. Finally, I argue, using Whiteheadian concepts, that it is possible to apprehend the block universe through sensuous experience.


Revisiting immanence and conatus in Spinoza
Yaylım, Berk; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2015)
This thesis focuses on the concept of immanence in Spinoza’s philosophy and its importance in explicating theory of knowledge and conatus. While accounting for immanence, it will seek not only his metaphysics but also a critical discussion of transcendence and emanation. After the metaphysical system behind his philosophy is explained, his defense of necessitarianism will be emphasized. In this study, under the light of these, a coherent interpretation of Spinoza’s solutions, how these relate to his theory ...
The Uses of the World Soul in Plato's Timaeus
Evren, Şahan; Bağçe, Samet; Department of Philosophy (2009)
The purpose of the present study is to assess the explanatory value of the concept of the World Soul in the cosmological account of Plato’s Timaeus. The World Soul plays a crucial role in the account of the world of Becoming in the Timaeus and in Plato’s philosophy of science. The World Soul explains why there is motion at all in the universe and sustains the regularity and uniformity of the motion of the celestial objects. Its constitution and the way it is generated by the Demiurge endow it an intermediar...
The growing desert: nihilism and metaphysics in Martin Heidegger's thought
Duman, Musa; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2009)
In this study, we explore Heidegger’s understanding of nihilism as the essential dimension of metaphysics, of metaphysical experience of Being, and in the following, we address his responses to it. Heidegger takes nihilism as rooted in the metaphysical way of thinking, hence metaphysics and nihilism standing in a primordial identity. Such metaphysical way of thinking as a framework in which Being is experinced and articulated, explicitly or implicitly in all areas of Western culture, from art to science, gi...
Ending the exile of desire in Spinoza and Hegel
Cengiz, Övünç; Çırakman, Elif; Department of Philosophy (2007)
The main objective of this master’s thesis is to analyze the place assigned to the phenomenon of desire by Hegel and Spinoza, and to show that the main difference between two philosophers in terms of their understanding of desire and human phenomenon consists in their understanding of the relation between the substance and particulars. In order to fulfill the requirements of this objective, what is focused on is, as different from a certain philosophical thought excluding desire from a true account of human...
Nomic universals and particular causal relations: Which are basic and which are derived?
Bolender, John (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2006-12-01)
Armstrong holds that a law of nature is a certain sort of structural universal which, in turn, fixes causal relations between particular states of affairs. His claim that these nomic structural universals explain causal relations commits him to saying that such universals are irreducible, not supervenient upon the particular causal relations they fix. However, Armstrong also wants to avoid Plato's view that a universal can exist without being instantiated, a view which he regards as incompatible with natura...
Citation Formats
B. Parkan, “RELATIVELY COMPLETELY HAPPY,” 2007, vol. 102, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: