Urban Planning Experience of Turkey in the 1930s

Urban planning experience of Turkey in the 1930s constitutes a set of consistent policies and strategies. Establishment of a national economy and arrangement of the space of the nation-state were the main policies determining the major lines of policy-oriented urban planning experience in this period. Under this general political framework, the creation of a new capital and the establishment of industrial cities were the unique cases. These were seen as major means of regional development and interregional integration. Urbanization problem was approached in a comprehensive and holistic manner. In this policy framework, the significance of industrialization in urban-rural integration was emphasized. And the liberation Of the rural labor was seen as the basis of social development and urban-rural integration. State factories appeared as the major agents of integration of industry with the city and the redefinition and the provision of public services. Public spaces of the Republic were emphasized and urban development was directed on the lands that were expropriated.


Critical evaluation of “adjacent areas” concept from urban growth perspective in Turkish urban planning: the case of Ankara
Yıldırım, Sibel; Keskinok, Hüseyin Çağatay; Department of City and Regional Planning (2008)
The effects of expansion of cities on the fringe area are still the common problems of several countries as well as Turkey. The main problem stemming from rapid urban growth was described as urban sprawl that has been used as waste of land, time, and natural resources. Although sprawl becomes usually unplanned, uncontrolled, and uncoordinated, it can be claimed that some local and national government policies triggers the urban sprawl by creating planned areas more than required. The growth management polic...
Urban policies on diversity in Istanbul, Turkey
Eraydın, Ayda; Güngördü, Nazda; Demirdağ, İsmail(2014-11-28)
Critical analysis of existing urban policy programmes and discourses in Istanbul, Turkey. Includes overview of political systems and governance structures, key shifts in national discourses, and approaches to policy over migration, citizenship, and diversity
Urban archaeological ıssues and resources in İzmir historic city centre: an exploratory case study
Belge, Burak; Tuna, Numan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2005)
In Turkey, the majority of the historic city centres have been continuously occupied since early ages onwards and where still occupation exists. The multi-layered structure of historic centres both can indicate the historical continuity of cities and enhance urban consciousness, if urban archaeological resources are handled effectively into planning process. However, the recent policies and strategies don̕t allow the handling of urban archaeological resources, especially invisible sub-soil resources, into p...
Regulatory measures to reduce natural hazard impacts and local seismic attributes in planning decisions: the case of Fatih district in İstanbul
Ertan, Pınar; Balamir, Murat; Department of City and Regional Planning (2009)
Urban risks have been questioned since the 1999 events in Turkey confirming that local seismic attributes are primary indicators for urban risk management. During the past decade tools and frameworks for global disaster risk management have shifted the priorities from emergency management to pre-disaster risk management and demand new tasks from urban planning. Security and resilience in local, national and global levels becomes a shared accountability which brings in a prominent role to the planning discip...
Turkish spatial planning practice in the neoliberal era: over-fragmentation
Duyguluer, Feridun; Günay, Baykan; Department of City and Regional Planning (2012)
After 1950, Turkey had adopted comprehensive urban planning methodologies within the competence of a unique central authority. By 1980s, localization policies were introduced and local administrations had been authorized for planning issues. But this political turn could not continue effectively, because of dispersed sectoral policies have gained the leading role in decision making, creating the fragmentation problem. Administrative competences in different central bodies, especially in the sectoral ministr...
Citation Formats
H. Ç. Keskinok, “Urban Planning Experience of Turkey in the 1930s,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 27, no. 2, pp. 173–188, 2010, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/48412.