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Cities and biodiversity: Perspectives and governance challenges for implementing the convention on biological diversity (CBD) at the city level

de Oliveira, J. A. Puppim
Balaban, Osman
Doll, Chrıstopher Nh
Moreno-Penaranda, R.
Gasparatos, Alexandros
Iossıfova, Deljana
Suwa, Akı
City governments are fundamental to implement international environmental agreements, such as the convention on biological diversity (CBD). Even though many of them are not directly involved in the negotiation of international agreements, which are signed by national governments, most of those agreements are in fact implemented at the city level. The importance of city governance to tackle the challenges of biodiversity loss has increased as urban population has grown enormously in the last decades, particularly in developing countries. The way cities are designed, planned and governed influences the magnitude of their direct and indirect impacts on biodiversity.