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Kinematic and thermal evolution of the Haymana Basin, a fore-arc to foreland basin in Central Anatolia (Turkey)

Gülyüz, Erhan
Özkaptan, Murat
Kaymakcı, Nuretdin
Persano, Cristina
Stuart, Finlay M.
Gondwana (Tauride/kirsehir blocks) and Eurasia (Pontides) derived continental blocks delimit the Haymana basin, central Turkey, to the south and the north, respectively. The boundaries of these blocks define the IzmirAnkara-Erzincan and Intra-Tauride Suture zones which are straddled by a number of Late Cretaceous to Oligocene marine to continental basins. The Haymana Basin is located at the junction of the IAESZ and ITSZ and comprises Upper Cretaceous to Middle Eocene basin infill deposited in response to the interaction of these blocks. The basin provides a unique opportunity to unravel spatio-temporal relationships related to the timing of late stage subduction history of Neo-Tethys Ocean and subsequent collision of the intervening continental blocks. We have conducted a multidisciplinary study in the region that includes mapping of major structures combined with fault kinematic analyses. E-W striking folds dominate the basin, cross-section balancing of these structures indicates around 25% roughly N-S shortening in the region. Paleostress studies indicate that the basin was initially subjected to N-S to NNE-SSW extension until the middle Paleocene (phase 1) and then N-S directed syn-depositional compression and coeval E-W directed extension until the middle Miocene (phase 2) implying strike-slip deformation and pure shear shortening in the basin. These different deformation phases are attributed to first fore-arc (subduction) basin development then foreland (collision) stages of the basin. Apatite (U-Th)/He dating of 5 samples indicate that exhumation of the SE segment of the basin started in early Oligocene, whereas the NW segment of the basin exhumed in the early Miocene. The differential uplift is possibly related to progressive north-westwards movement of Derekby basin bounding fault at the north. We propose that the Haymana basin evolved from extensional forearc basin during the late Cretaceous to early Paleocene and foreland basin after the terminal subduction and subsequent collision of Tauride and Pontide blocks.