Providing Guidance for Evacuation During Emergency based on a Real-time Damage and Vulnerability Assessment of Facilities

Guven, G,
Ergen, E,
Erberik, MA
Kurc, O,
Birgönül, Mustafa Talat
Following a disaster or an emergency situation (e.g., earthquake,) in a facility, it is crucial for emergency response teams to rapidly access navigation information of the facility, its contents and the final status of the facility (e.g., damages and vulnerable locations). However, in the current practice, accessing these information items is time-consuming and the accessed information is incomplete, since there are multiple sources of information that are mostly disorganized. This study proposes a Building Information Model (BIM) based approach integrated with sensors to provide the damage and vulnerability information of the facility for efficient response and for safe evacuation of the facility. The proposed framework integrates navigation algorithms, a vulnerability assessment approach and the status information obtained from various sensors that are strategically deployed inside the facility. This framework will be used for guiding the occupants and rescue teams through safe locations in a facility during evacuation.


Identification and representation of information items required for vulnerability assessment and multi-hazard emergency response operations
Gökdemir, Nuray; Birgönül, Mustafa Talat; Department of Civil Engineering (2011)
Emergency response teams, need various internal information about facilities such as building usage type, number of floors, occupancy information, building contents and vulnerable locations in facility during and immediately after multi hazard emergencies. Accessing such information accurately and timely is very important in order to speed up the guidance of occupants in a facility that is under the effect of multi-hazards to safe exits and speed up the decision process of emergency response teams to identi...
Representation of Topological Building Information for Creating Shortest Evacuation Paths During Building Emergencies
Guven, G,; Ayhan, M,; Ergen, E,; Sonmez, T,; Kurc, O,; Erberik, Ma; Birgönül, Mustafa Talat (2012-10-19)
In case of a disaster or an emergency (e.g., earthquake) in a facility, fast evacuation of the occupants is crucial. But the complex indoor environments of buildings (e.g., tall and large commercial buildings) negatively affect evacuation.Moreover, buildings are often threatened by multi-hazard situations, such as post earthquake induced hazards, enforcing the responders and occupants to deal with more than one emergency at a time. To perform effective evacuation, response teams require some information abo...
A Methodology for real-time sensor-based blockage assessment of building structures during earthquakes
Ergin, Tuluhan; Erberik, Murat Altuğ; Kurç, Özgür; Department of Civil Engineering (2013)
During and after earthquakes, occupants inside a damaged building should be evacuated rapidly and safely whereas related units outside the buildings (e.g. first responders) should know the current condition of the building. Obviously, this information should be as accurate as possible and accessed timely in order to speed up the evacuation. Unfortunately, absence of such information during evacuation and emergency response operations results in increased number of casualties. Hence, there arises a need for ...
Multisensor data fusion for determining hallway blockages in a building during evacuation
Guven, G,; Ergen, E,; Ozbas, B,; Erberik, Murat Altuğ; Kurç, Özgür; Birgönül, Mustafa Talat (2013-01-01)
When a building is under the threat of a disaster/an emergency, it is important to rapidly retrieve up-to-date indoor navigation conditions by identifying the hallways that are blocked. This paper investigates the contribution of data from each sensor that is deployed inside a building in accurately determining the current blockage conditions at hallways. Sensor performances were assessed, both individually and by fusing multisensor data at the building element-level. The final goal is to create and visuali...
Probabilistic assessment of earthquake insurance rates for important structures: Application to Gumusova-Gerede motorway
Yücemen, Mehmet Semih; ERDİK, MUSTAFA ÖZDER (Elsevier BV, 2008-01-01)
A probabilistic model is presented for the assessment of the earthquake insurance rates for important engineering structures, for which the seismic losses could be quite significant. The proposed model is used to estimate the earthquake insurance premiums for the structures taking place in the Bolu Mountain Crossing in the Gumusova-Gerede motorway Section, Turkey. The model requires two types of studies, namely: seismic hazard analysis and estimation of potential damage to structures based on damage probabi...
Citation Formats
G. Guven, E. Ergen, M. Erberik, O. Kurc, and M. T. Birgönül, “Providing Guidance for Evacuation During Emergency based on a Real-time Damage and Vulnerability Assessment of Facilities,” 2012, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: