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Türkiye'de kent yoksulluğunun değişen yapısı

Işık, Oğuz
Pınarcıoğlu, M.melih
Project titled “The Changing Structure of Urban Poverty in Turkey” is an attempt to undestand the changing characteristics of urban poverty in Turkey in the face of 2002 economic crisis and ensuing restructuring and transformation. It has been emphasised in a number of previous studies that the dynamics affecting urban poverty in Turkey had already started to change since the mid-1990s and that the crisis accelerated the change, with th ethe result that the new social groups with no experience of coping with poverty are now under the risk of falling into poverty and the poor have developed new strategies to cope with these changing conditions. Starting from these premises a clustering analysis have been made on the results of the 2000 Population Census to classify the İstanbul neighbourhoods on the basis of a number of indicators known to be closely associated with poverty. These maps have laid the foundation for the selection of 12 neighbourhoods where a total of 2.097 questionnaries and 114 faceto-face interviews have been made. While the questionnaries aim to find out the household survival strategies in te face of changing conditions, the interviews try to trace the poverty in indivuduals’ worlds. The results obtained indicate that some of the previoulsy protected groups such as old couples and single-parents families are now under increasing threat of poverty.