The Notion of Becoming in Mass-Housic Complexes; The Case of Mortafa Housing, Mashhad, Iran

Talebian, Nima
Özmen, Beril
Places are not frozen in time, both mass-housing complexes and their urban contexts are in the state of constant becoming, they begin to change from the very moment they are completed. These changes happen gradually, due to various forces, and at different levels. Based on the Deleuzian ontology of, becoming-in-the-world, the theory of place as assemblage, explores a dynamic conception of place, which is in the state of constant becoming. Place is therefore considered as a three-folded assemblage, which is individually experienced, socially constructed and spatially structured. The present paper aims to explore the process of becoming in the case of an Iranian mass-housing complex known as Mortafa Housing. The process by which this high-rise and luxurious suburban complex, which was the symbol of modernity and urban development, has lost its socio-physical characteristics and has been transformed into an aged residence for low-income, single mothers and seniors. The deployed methodology has been developed based on Dovey's triangular methodology of phenomenology, discourse analysis and spatial analysis. Therefore, the paper starts with a theoretical review of the three related theories on place; Phenomenology of place, Global sense of place and Place as assemblage. The contribution of the study to the limited existing literature grounding the theory of place as assemblage, is to focus on the notion of becoming, itself, rather than take it for-granted. Furthermore, the paper attempts to develop Dovey's triangular methodology in order to understand how the process of becoming can be analyzed in the lifetime of a case. The case study analysis explores the ways in which individuals experience the process of becoming internally, how the hidden socio-political forces affect the process externally and how these introverted and extroverted forces affect the spatial construction of the complex. It also explains how the deployed methodology can pave the way for further research on the assemblage notion of place. The paper demonstrates that it is possible to merge the methodologies, which have theoretically different or even paradoxical approaches toward place, and reveal a holistic assessment about the becoming notion of place. The mapping of the case study clarifies that the processes of becoming are ongoing in a paradoxical way between the Mortafa housing complex and its context. It can, therefore, be predicted that the complex will soon be faced with a decisional dead-end.


The dynamics of the differentiation of housing production in metropolitan areas: the case of Eskişehir
Aslaner, Arzu; Balaban, Osman; Department of City and Regional Planning (2019)
The aim of this study is to determine the factors affecting the housing production processes in Eskişehir and the effects of these processes on the existing urban development dynamics. Similar to the growth trend across the country, there has been a growth in construction investments, especially in new housing production in Eskişehir after 2000. In addition, metropolitan districts, namely Tepebaşı and Odunpazarı, dominate the total new housing production in the city. In this regard, focusing on the period a...
An inquiry into children’s sense of place in city neighborhoods: the case of Ankara
Erol, Ecem; Bilsel, Fatma Cânâ; Restoration in Department of Architecture (2021-2-12)
The rapid urbanization process causes spatial and social segregation in many cities of the world in the last decades. The contemporary city does not provide inclusive urban environments to children; they are increasingly exluded from public open spaces. Spatially and mentally segregated urban environments neither provide learning opportunities nor help improve the social abilities of children. The sense of place is a dynamic and complicated phenomenon that changes over time. The area that children feel to b...
The conservation of industrial remains as a source of individuation and socialization
Severcan, Yücel Can; Barlas, Adnan (2007-01-01)
The disappearance of public spaces from the urban realm is a sign of the de-individuation and asocialization of the modern individual. However, cities still provide important tools for reclaiming our lost public life. The aim of this essay is to approach industrial heritage, usually considered a conservation issue, from a different perspective, as a tool for individuation and socialization. In order to do this, we start by describing the effects of capitalism and globalization on public open spaces, and the...
Financialization Of Housing And Mortgage Debt Repayment Strategies Of Households In Turkey
Suvar Aslan, Ahmet (Middle East Technical University Faculty of Architecture, 2021-12-01)
Housing is a complex phenomenon with social, economic and political dimensions. It is also an expensive fixed asset that can be used and consumed for centuries. Due to the considerable amount of capital required for the realization of housing projects, a mutually supportive relationship is established between the finance and the housing sectors. Mortgage loans are the major tools provided by financial institutions to households for acquisition of housing. On the other hand, mortgage loans usually constitute...
Complex Cities and Complexity in Planning
Yetişkul Şenbil, Emine (2017-01-01)
It is becoming ever more clear that cities in the future will not be a continuation of the twentieth century's ones. The interdependence of economies, cultures and institutions at both global and local scales; assemblages of infinite numbers of objects and structures; interactions of agents and stakeholders in that physical environment; and information transmissions equally and pervasively through networks show how cities will change and evolve differently. Under this complexity cities could not be explaine...
Citation Formats
N. Talebian and B. Özmen, “The Notion of Becoming in Mass-Housic Complexes; The Case of Mortafa Housing, Mashhad, Iran,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 36, no. 2, pp. 45–72, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: