Public Spaces of Post-industrial Cities and Their Changing Roles

From Agora of the polis, and open market places of Medieval cities to today’s shopping malls, corporate plazas, atria and festival places, public spaces have been one of the crucial components of cities for centuries. Despite their evident importance in cities, public spaces have become subject to broad concern for more than two decades (Francis, 1987; Carr et al., 1992; Tibbalds, 1992; Boyer, 1993; Crilley, 1993; Madanipour, 2000). Particularly under the influence of globalisation and privatisation policies, city-marketing and imaging programmes and urban regeneration projects, the new landscape of post-industrial cities has witnessed the emergence of attractive and alluring public spaces (Boyer, 1993; Crilley, 1993; Hubbard, 1995; Madanipour, 2000; McInroy, 2000). The resurgence of broad interest in public spaces has led to a significant improvement in the quality of contemporary public spaces in cities. Nevertheless, public space literature has frequently hinted at the changing roles and features of the public spaces. This article is set up to draw attention to these changes in the postindustrial cities. Reviewing the public space literature of the last 25-30 years, it first defines the roles of public realms in cities; second explains in detail the reasons behind the increasing significance of public spaces over the last two decades; and third describes new types of public spaces in the landscape of post-industrial cities. Then, depicting the design and management characteristics, it underlines the changing roles of the public spaces of the post-industrial cities. In the conclusion, the article summarises the key issues discussed in the article and seeks to give clues for urban planning and design practice.


Public art in public space: tracking graffiti and mural art practices in contemporary Tehran
Zare Gharehgheshlaghi, Solmaz; Akkar Ercan, Zübeyde Müge; Urban Design in City and Regional Planning Department (2019)
Public spaces, inevitable components of urban space, play a very important role in creating livable places by meeting different needs of citizens. Urban public spaces allow for social, cultural and economic interaction and intellectual freedom in urban outdoor spaces. Public art is an effective means of communication in the public sphere. As an indispensable element of space design, public art creates a 'sense of place' and 'place identity'. Public art serves many purposes such as attracting people's attent...
Architectural experiences and experiments in the public sphere
Önür, Selahattin; Pamir, Haluk; Department of Architecture (1992)
Smart Cities and the Idea of Smartness in Urban Development - A Critical Review
Husar, Milan; Ondrejicka, Vladimir; Varis, Sila Ceren (2017-06-16)
The concept of smart cities is becoming another mantra for both developing and developed cities. For instance, Indian government in 2015 announced its objective to build one hundred smart cities all over the country. They clearly stated that they are choosing smart development as the underlying concept for their future growth as a way to foster economic development in smart way to avoid the paths of rapid industrialization and pollution of cities as it took place in Europe and United States. The first of th...
Evaluation of physical literacy of secondary school children
Taş, Hakan; Hürmeriç Altunsöz, Irmak; Department of Physical Education and Sports (2019)
Physical literacy includes physical, psychological and behavioral domain. The main purpose of this study were to determine the physical literacy of children in grade sixth and seventh and to investigate whether there any inter-relationships among sub-domains of physical literacy and to identify grade and gender differences in physical literacy. Participants were 158 sixth and seventh grade students (76 boys, 82 girls) from public schools in Çankaya and Keçiören. PLAYtools were used collecting data. Quantita...
Spatio-temporal structuration of art and cultural events mediated urban experience in Beyoğlu
Kahya, Güzin Yeliz; Ataöv Demirkan, Anlı; Department of City and Regional Planning (2015)
Over last 15 years, range of cultural events responding varied kinds of transculturally shaped and shared interests have embedded in the use of urban space in Beyoğlu, Istanbul. Locations of them have constituted dynamic self-organized clustering patterns in the vicinity of Istiklal Avenue. As bringing a focus on transpatially structured, cultural events mediated encounters and coexistences, the thesis simultaneously deals with spatial structuration of the cultural events through situating particular locati...
Citation Formats
Z. M. Akkar Ercan, “Public Spaces of Post-industrial Cities and Their Changing Roles,” ODTÜ Mimarlık Fakültesi Dergisi, vol. 24, no. 1, pp. 115–137, 2007, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: