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THE METAMORPHOSIS OF THE ARCHITECT-DEVELOPER RELATIONSHIP IN THE USSR (1918-1989)

1989
BOCHAROV , Yuri P.
One of the most important factors that necessitated theperestroika of the Soviet economy was the national architectural-development complex consuming up to 20 percent of the national income. The total number of employees engaged in the complex, amounts to approximately 15 000 000 including 11000 000 builders, 800 000 planners, 60 000 architects and town planners and 15 000 researchers. The process of architectural-and-design complex formation reflects the main stages and contradictions in developing the monopolistic political structure and management mechanism of the national economy based on the state property ownership in land and means of production. The process of developing administrative structures, technology of planning and capital contruction revealed undesirable conflicts that occurred as a result of the disintegrated operation of the main links (design, research and development). For 70 years the government has enacted about ten important regulations aimed at the development of architecture and improvement of design and construction in the USSR. Analysis of the above acts makes it possible to single out the following four main stages.