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Domestic energy supply and demand in southwest Asia and northern Africa—I. Socio-economic outlook and energy utilization

1989-1
Taşdemiroğlu, E.
This paper reviews the socio-economic factors and energy utilization levels in developing countries, with particular emphasis on Egypt and Sudan in northern Africa and Bangladesh, Indonesia, Jordan, Pakistan, Syrian A.R. and Yemen A.R. in southwest Asia. The paper begins with a brief description of the countries under review, including basic demographic, social and economic indicators. The close relation between socio-economic development and growth in energy utilization is shown. Energy utilization levels and their sectoral distribution are reviewed, as well as the contribution of traditional fuels to the total energy balance, both in rural and urban regions. Energy balances and commercial energy trade balances are discussed in relation to indigenous resource endowments for both oil importers and exporters of the region.