Sustainable development of Turkey: Deployment of geothermal resources for carbon capture, utilization, and storage

2019-07-18
Kirli, Mustafa Safa
Fahrioglu, Murat
As a developing country, Turkey's sustainable development objectives converge on robust and sustainable economic development. The increase in its energy and electricity demand is attributed to the growth of population, urbanization, and industrialization parallel to economic and social growth. Instead of fulfilling the obligation to protect the environment arising from international agreements and achieving desired sustainable development, the dependency on imported fossil fuel in electrical energy production and energy-intensive economic growth results in intensified CO2 emission as well as ironically negative economic output. Therefore, Turkey is forced to exploit its indigenous sources such as coal (which unfortunately increases atmospheric Green House Gas "GHG" emissions) and renewable resources. However, high GHG emission - mainly CO2 - of Turkey's coal power plants impairs deployment of indigenous sources for power generation. Indeed, there is a necessity of technical approaches for higher heat extraction efficiencies and mitigation of high concentration of energy-related CO2 emission. Admittedly, "Carbon Capture, Utilization, and Storage (CCUS)" employing conventional hydrothermal resources offers highly efficient heat extraction, geological CO2 sequestration, and utilization of CO2 for power generation rather than considering CO2 as an effluent. Although there are research gaps and lack of field scale experiment, the economic and environmental viability of implementing CCUS in Turkey can be improved by pilot or field scale projects whereby the presence of these projects commences technological and experimental advances in capturing CO2 either from geothermal power plants or indigenous coal power plants, transporting it to the proven geothermal geologic site, and generating power. Apart from this, the "CO2 - Plume Geothermal Systems (CPG)" compared to unconventional and conventional geothermal systems would commit vigorous potential for continual improvement in economic feasibility of CCUS without a guaranteed return on power generation investments in Turkey. Hence, legislations concerning incentives in CCUS would foster further improvements in the deployment of geothermal resources to pursue sustainable development in Turkey.
ENERGY SOURCES PART A-RECOVERY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS

Suggestions

Hyperthermophilic hydrogen production from wastewater biosolids by Caldicellulosiruptor bescii
Yılmazel Tokel, Yasemin Dilşad; Duran, Metin (Elsevier BV, 2015-09-28)
Wastewater biosolids are abundant renewable resources that are rich in organic matter and offer a low cost potential feedstock for biohydrogen production. Relevant literature indicates that biosolids conversion rates are relatively low and therefore this option is not considered feasible. This study showed that hyperthermophilic bacteria Caldicellulosiruptor bescii could efficiently utilize biosolids as the sole carbon source and produce hydrogen (H-2) for the first time in the literature. Degradability ass...
ENERGY PORTRAIT OF TURKEY - ACHIEVABLE SAVINGS THROUGH RENEWABLE ENERGIES AND CONSERVATION TECHNOLOGIES
TASDEMIROGLU, E (Informa UK Limited, 1993-07-01)
This article begins with a brief review of the socioeconomic situation, energy resources, and energy consumptions in Turkey. The estimates for the sustainability years of fossil fuels and the potential of renewable energies are given. Hydropower, biomass, geothermal, solar, wind, wave, sea currents, and salt gradient are, in order of priority, listed among the renewable energy resources of the country. The importance of energy conservation is discussed in conjunction with the research results produced for t...
Geological Considerations for the Economic Evaluation of Turkish Oil Shale Deposits and Their Combustion-Pyrolysis Behavior
Kök, Mustafa Verşan (Informa UK Limited, 2010-01-01)
The oil shale deposits in Turkey are widely distributed in middle and western Anatolia. Turkish oil shales are of Palaeocene-Eocene and middle upper Miocene age. Current reserves of oil shales are approximately 2,220 million tons (total reserve) and mainly are located in Himmetoglu, Seyitomer, Beypazari, and Hatildag deposits. Some petrological, geochemical, Fisher Assay, and fluidized combustion tests are performed for these oil shale fields, and it was concluded that Himmetoglu oil shale is the most appro...
The Kerkenes Eco center a show case for appropriate housing and sustainable development in rural Turkey
Elias Özkan, Soofia Tahira; Matthieu, Pedergnana (2015-09-09)
A fast developing country, Turkey faces many challenges including an urgent need for sustainable economic development in rural and remote areas. Villagers in Central Anatolia, where climatic conditions are typified by very cold winters and hot, sunny and dry summers, are migrating to cities where they seek a more comfortable life style. Thus village economies have worsened and buildings have been abandoned. The Kerkenes Eco‐Center, located on the edge of Şahmuratlı Village in central Anatolia, was founded i...
Sustainable textile production: a case study from a woven fabric manufacturing mill in Turkey
Alkaya, Emrah; Demirer, Göksel Niyazi (Elsevier BV, 2014-02-15)
The aim of this research was to investigate the applicability of different sustainable production measures and demonstrate environmental and economical benefits in a woven fabric manufacturing mill in Bursa, Turkey. As a result of an Environmental Performance Evaluation (EPE) evaluation, five sustainable production applications were proposed and implemented to decrease water consumption, wastewater generation, energy consumption, greenhouse gas emissions and salt (NaCl) consumption in the company. As a resu...
Citation Formats
M. S. Kirli and M. Fahrioglu, “Sustainable development of Turkey: Deployment of geothermal resources for carbon capture, utilization, and storage,” ENERGY SOURCES PART A-RECOVERY UTILIZATION AND ENVIRONMENTAL EFFECTS, pp. 1739–1751, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/65840.