Ünlü, Hikmet
This paper examines Aristotle's analysis of unenacted capacities to show the role they play in his discovery of the concept of actuality. I first argue that Aristotle begins Metaphysics IX by focusing on active and passive capacities, after which I discuss Aristotle's confrontation with the Megarians, the philosophers who maintain that a capacity is present only insofar as it is being enacted. Using Heidegger's interpretation as a guide, I show that Aristotle's rejection of the Megarian position leads him to propose that presence cannot be confined to activity. I also argue that this provides the context for Aristotle to realize that the relation between capacity and activity can be generalized as the relation between two ways of being.


Nietzsche and Foucault on the relation between knowledge and power
Yıldız, Necdet; Karademir, Aret; Department of Philosophy (2019)
This thesis analyzes the Nietzschean and the Foucauldian ideas concerning the relation between knowledge and power, in order to show that the philosophies in question have different advantages and disadvantages for different purposes. This means that new philosophical and political doors may be opened for us with the critical dialogue of the thoughts of these thinkers. In this thesis, by reading Nietzsche and Foucault as complementary to one another, I quest for the philosophical and political results of su...
Philosophical implications of cantor’s set theory
Şahin, Şafak; Grünberg, David; Department of Philosophy (2020-10-13)
This thesis is devoted to examining Georg Cantor’s understanding of infinity and his philosophy of mathematics. Even though Aristotle differentiated the concept of infinity as potential infinite and actual infinite, he argued against the existence of actual infinity and accepted only the existence of potential infinity. With the effect of this distinction, the impossibility of actual infinity was regarded as the fundamental principle in the history of the concept of infinity. Cantor was the first think...
Scientific collaborations as complex adaptive systems
Aydınoğlu, Arsev Umur (2010-12-31)
This paper suggests that complexity theory can provide tools and insights into scientific collaborations. By using six propositions, which were established by observing the qualitative properties of complex systems, examples of how the most important features of complex adaptive systems exist in scientific collaborations are provided. (1) Scientific collaborations are potentially complex adaptive systems because of the many counteracting forces in them. (2) A basic protocol in the formation of a scientific ...
Husserl's conception of intentionality phenomenological analysis of noesis and noema
Gözetlik, Servet; İnam, Ahmet; Department of Philosophy (2003)
Husserl̕s phenomenology can be analyzed simply by relying on the conception of intentionality. What I want to do is to put forward the logical grounds on which I can construct an acceptable account of Husserl̕s theory of intentionality. For this aim, firstly, I need to put some light on the nature of intentional acts or experiences.This suggests us that there is a close connection between the acts and what they are directed towards. Actually many have specified the relation between the act and the object, b...
Material Processuality: Alternative Grounds for Design Research
Tönük Kruıthof, Damla (Informa UK Limited, 2020-01-01)
This article opens discussion on the positivist epistemology underlying the understandings of materials in design research that have been brought along as a result of theory and methods inherited from engineering and psychology. Examining the ambitions of work that seeks to operationalize knowledge created by these methods in the design process, we propose that attending to the processuality of material forms is a more adequate way for design research to capture the multiplicity of materials. We develop thi...
Citation Formats
H. Ünlü, “ARISTOTLE, HEIDEGGER, AND THE MEGARIANS,” REVUE ROUMAINE DE PHILOSOPHIE, pp. 125–139, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: