Pyrolysis kinetics of oil shales determined by DSC and TG/DTG

Kinetics of oil shale pyrolysis was studied by differential scanning calorimetry and non-isothemal thermogravimetry. In nitrogen atmosphere two different mechanisms causing mass loss were observed: distillation in the region between ambient temperature and 500 K, visbreaking and cracking in the region of 500-800 K. Kinetic parameters of the sample pyrolysis are determined using different kinetic models, and the results are discussed.
Oil Shale


Pyrolysis and Combustion Studies of Fossil Fuels by Thermal Analysis Methods Review
Kök, Mustafa Verşan (1995-02-01)
Instances where differential scanning calorimetry, thermogravimetry and differential thermal analysis have been applied to study the pyrolysis and combustion behaviour of fossil fuels (peat, lignite, bituminous coals, anthracite, oil shales, crude oils, lignite-oil mixtures, etc.) are reviewed. The literature survey showed that thermal methods were important not only theoretically but also from a practical point of view.
Application of TGA-MS technique for oil shale characterization and kinetics
Kök, Mustafa Verşan; Varfolomeev, Mikhail A.; Nurgaliev, Danis K.; Kandasamy, Jayaraman (2022-03-01)
Thermal characteristics and model free kinetics of four different oil shale samples were studied using simultaneous thermogravimetry-mass spectrometer (TGA-MS) analysis performed at three different heating rates and under air atmosphere. All the reaction regions and corresponding peak temperatures, mass loss, and the residue of oil shale samples were determined. Meanwhile, the main volatile products, primary alcohols, and aromatic compounds as products of oil shale combustion, were determined on the basis o...
Ozgur, Emre; Miller, Sharon Falcone; Miller, Bruce G.; Kök, Mustafa Verşan (2012-01-01)
The effect of co-firing of biomass fuels with oil shale on combustion was investigated Thermogravimetric analysis and differential scanning calorimetry were the tools used to perform the investigation. Since the combustion of biomass is highly exothermic, biomass fuels can serve as an appropriate fuel feedstock. Biomass fuels producing much volatile matter and containing less cellulose are good candidates for co-firing with oil shale. The biomass samples used in the study were hazelnut shell, wheat bran, po...
TGA and DSC investigation of different clay mineral effects on the combustion behavior and kinetics of crude oil from Kazan region, Russia
Kök, Mustafa Verşan; Nurgaliev, Danis K. (2021-05-01)
In this research, the effect of different clay minerals (bentonite, illite and kaolinite) on the combustion behavior and kinetics of crude oils from Kazan region (Russia) was studied using thermogravimetry (TGA) and differential scanning calorimeter (DSC). The ramped temperature experiments were performed at constant heating rates (10, 20 and 30 degrees C/min) under air atmosphere. In both TGA and DSC experiments, two reaction zones were identified known as low temperature oxidation (LTO) and high temperatu...
Thermal Analysis of Crude oil lignite mixtures by Differential Scanning Calorimetry
Kök, Mustafa Verşan (Elsevier BV, 1994-04-01)
Thermal characterization of lignite, crude oils and their 10 and 20% mixtures were investigated by differential scanning calorimetry (d.s.c.). The calorific value of the lignite increased in mixtures depending on the crude oil type. In pyrolysis runs, temperature ranges where distillation and visbreaking occur were identified for the crude oils studied. The effect of heating rate was also studied, and higher reaction temperatures and higher heat flow rates were observed at d.s.c. peak thermograms with incre...
Citation Formats
M. V. Kök, “Pyrolysis kinetics of oil shales determined by DSC and TG/DTG,” Oil Shale, pp. 57–68, 2003, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: