Religion and politics in the making of American Near East policy, 1918-1922

This study deals basically with the combination of religion and politics in American foreign policy in the Near East in the immediate aftermath of the First World War. The diplomatic activities regarding the protection of American religious, educational, philanthropic institutions, the safety of American interests and missionary activities and the safeguarding of a future for the Ottoman Armenians are examined in two parts: the first dealing with the spread of Protestant missionary activities in the Ottoman Empire, and the second, coping with the US political struggle for protecting American political, religious and commercial interests during the Paris Peace Conference through an analysis of diplomatic correspondence in the US archives


Sectarianism in Iran foreign policy
Deniz, Nazlı Gül; Göçer Akder, Derya; Department of International Relations (2020)
This thesis aims to understand the explanatory power of sectarianism regarding the international politics of the Middle East, with a specific focus on Iran's foreign policy. The findings of this study are as follows: Iran as a main "Shia power", uses any kind of identities beside Shi'ism if it fits into its agenda, however, it does not pursue a sectarian foreign policy. It has been following pragmatic policies according to its national interests largely free from religion. Iranian foreign policies that supp...
Close encounters between Turkey and the US: American indirect influences on Turkey’s political and socio-cultural life during the 1950s
Yorgun, İbrahim; Akgün, Saadet Seçil; Department of History (2017)
This thesis analyzes indirect American influences on Turkey’s political and socio-cultural Iife during a period when major political changes as well as cultural wars were ignited by the two major world powers: the US and the USSR. This was also the time when the world order was shaped by the Cold War in which Turkey played a major role. The study, without mentioning too much political details related to the major events, also attempts to analyze in a historical context how Turkey was drifted away from her n...
Sectarian Actors in Foreign Policy Making: 2006 Lebanese War Revisited
Tinas, Murat; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem (2018-01-01)
This paper analyses the role of sub-state sectarian actors in foreign policy making in weakly established states by re-visiting the July War of 2006 in Lebanon. It mainly asks how sub-state sectarian actors behave as foreign policy actors in countries where society is divided along sectarian identities and how sectarian identities matter in terms of the definition of the self and the other and the ally and the enemy in weak states. By doing so, the paper analyses the emergence and the consolidation of forei...
Religion in international relations and interfaith dialogue
Sezenler, Olcay; Çıtak Aytürk, Zana Ayşe; Department of International Relations (2010)
Religion was regarded as a marginal factor by scholars of International Relations for a long time. The main reason for this ignorance is that the discipline of International Relations has followed the major paradigm - secularization thesis - in social sciences until recently. This resulted in ignorance of religion as an explanatory factor in International Relations. However, this situation has recently started to change. Beginning from 1990s, the role of religion in international relations has started to be...
Worldviews and Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East
Altunışık, Meliha (2009-03-01)
Turkish foreign policy in the Middle East has become highly contested in the last two decades. The changes in the international and domestic environment have led to the emergence of competing ideas as to the elements of Turkish foreign policy in this region. This article argues that these ideas ultimately represent worldviews as they start with different assumptions about what Turkey is, what the basis of Turkey's interest and involvement should be in this region, to what extent Turkey should engage the Mid...
Citation Formats
R. Boztemur, “Religion and politics in the making of American Near East policy, 1918-1922,” JOURNAL FOR THE STUDY OF RELIGIONS AND IDEOLOGIES, pp. 45–59, 2005, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: