Russian nationalism and Moscow's violations of human rights in the Second Chechen War

Conclusion: The use of nationalist discourse in the second Chechen War and the Russian violations of human rights have reconfigured Russian politics along a more nationalist direction. Certainly, this is a setback to Russia's democratic transition process, which has been already complicated by pragmatic politicians seeking to maximize their power and wealth at the expense of masses. In the initial stage of the post-Soviet transition in Russia, the rhetoric of the international community held that Russia needed to be transformed into a law-abiding state with a "civil society." However, the Chechen campaign undermines both the rule of law and the autonomy of civil society. The style of justification of the Chechen campaign suggests that Russia's problems in the post-Soviet transition are not diagnosed well by the Russian political elite. By seeking to raise the appeal of nationalism, the Chechen war has further inceased uncertainty over the political orientation of the post-Soviet Russia. However, it would be unfair to blame only on Moscow for all human fights abuses in Chechnya. In fact, radical and terrorist groups in Chechnya destabilized the region to the extent that Moscow found it both necessary and easier to resort to military force. In fact, at the root of the problems in Chechnya, one could identify the difficulty of the Chechens in developing a social, cultural and political foundation for stable political structures, a foundation which could bring together the Chechens around moderate political values, and marginalize radical groups. Unfortunately, it seems that innocent civilians, regardless of their ethnic origins, will suffer from human rights abuses until such political institutions develop. © 2001 Springer.
Human Rights Review


Russian compatriots in the near abroad and the construction of the post-soviet russian identity
Kaya, Rüştü; Kuşçu Bonnenfant, Işık; Department of Eurasian Studies (2016)
This thesis examines the impact of the existence of multimillion Russian diaspora in the former-Soviet republics on the nation building policies of the post-Soviet Russia. With the dissolution of the Soviet Union, twenty-five millions of ethnic Russians found themselves beyond the borders of the Russian Federation. The responsibilities of the newly independent Russian state toward the Russian communities in the Near Abroad and regarding them as an integral part of the Russian state and nation have bocome th...
Totalitarian and authoritarian regimes: a comparison of Stalinism and Putinism
Yengil, Onur; Akçalı, Pınar; Pamir Dietrich, Ayşe; Department of Eurasian Studies (2016)
This thesis aims to compare and contrast Stalin’s Soviet Union with Putin’s post-Soviet Russia by looking at the totalitarian and authoritarian characteristics that these two periods as well as these two leaders display. It is argued that despite certain differences that they have, the totalitarian regime of Stalin and authoritarian regime of Putin share certain similarities the roots of which go back to Russian history. 
Russia and the Kosovo conflict: 1998-2008
Sulejmanovic, Selma; Tanrısever, Oktay Fırat; Department of Eurasian Studies (2008)
This thesis aims to study Russian foreign policy towards Kosovo during the period between 1998 and 2008 in light of the school of thought that claims that Russia's foreign policy toward Kosovo resembles the Cold War confrontation between the United States and the Soviet Union. This thesis argues that Russia’s role in the Kosovo war and its aftermath is motivated by Russia’s interest in being seen as a great power in international system rather than using Kosovo in order to confront the United States. Beside...
Russian Diaspora and the politics of Russian Nationalism in the Post Soviet Era
Değirmen, Burcu Fadime; Tanrısever, Oktay Fırat; Department of International Relations (2008)
This thesis examines how Russian political elites and intellectuals have approached the issues of Russian nation and diaspora since 1991. This thesis observes that while Boris Yeltsin and Vladimir Putin claim to advocate a civic definition of a nation in the boundaries of Russia; they extend the definition of Russian nation to cover the ‘Russian diaspora’ as well. This thesis argues that the inclusion of the term Russian diaspora in Russian discourse of nationalism has paved the way for developing a consens...
Russian-Syrian relations since the Arab spring: a strong alliance
Şen, Ayça Hüma; Tür Küçükkaya, Özlem; Department of Middle East Studies (2020)
This thesis analyzes the relations between Russia and Syria since the Arab Spring within the framework of small state foreign policy behavior and alliance formation mechanism built upon by Syria. By doing so, historical background of the relations, major challenges, vulnerabilities as well as strenghts were pointed out within the prism of Russian-Syrian relations in the region and its regional and international effects and consequences tried to be evaluated under a Russian-Syrian alliance.
Citation Formats
O. F. Tanrısever, “Russian nationalism and Moscow’s violations of human rights in the Second Chechen War,” Human Rights Review, pp. 117–127, 2001, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: