Control of trichloroethylene emissions from sparging systems by horizontal bio- and chemo-barriers

Tezel, U
Demirer, Göksel Niyazi
Uludag-Demirer, S
The scope of this study was to develop a continuous system to clean-up a trichloroethylene (TCE) contaminated gas stream, where biotic and abiotic removal mechanisms are undertaken sequentially simulating the horizontal bio- and chemo-barriers proposed for the in-situ remediation of the contaminated sites. The bio- and chemo-barriers were simulated by using glass columns packed with granular anaerobic mixed culture and Fe(0) filings, respectively. The effect of gas residence time, which is adjusted by the gas flowrate, on the TCE removal efficiency of the reactor system was investigated. TCE removal efficiency of over 90% was achieved at gas residence times above 1hr. Furthermore, the effluent of reactor system contained only ethane and ethylene, which are non-toxic by-products of TCE reduction reactions, along with trace amounts of TCE.


Removal and recovery of nutrients as struvite from anaerobic digestion residues of poultry manure
Yılmazel Tokel, Yasemin Dilşad (Informa UK Limited, 2011-01-01)
The removal and the recovery of nutrients, namely nitrogen (N) and phosphorus (P) from anaerobically digested and solid-liquid separated manure effluents via struvite precipitation were investigated. Both the liquid and the solid phases of the poultry manure digester effluent were subjected to struvite precipitation experiments. The Mg:N:P molar ratio of 1:1:1 in the liquid phase resulted in an average NH4-N removal efficiency of 86.4%, which increased to 97.4% by adjusting the Mg:N:P ratio to 1.5:1:1. The ...
Effects of nickel, chromium and initial feed concentration on the batch growth of a microbial consortium developed from sewage
Gökçay, CELAL FERDİ; Dilek, Filiz Bengü (Informa UK Limited, 1991-01-01)
Effects of nickel, chromium and substrate concentration on the microbial growth of acclimatized and unacclimatized microbes of sewage origin were studied in batch cultures at a constant temperature of 25 °C, at pH 7.0. A synthetic medium supplemented with Ni(II) (5 and 10 mgl‐1) or Cr(VI) (1 and 50 mgl‐1) or with their combinations and at various feed concentrations (650, 975, 1300 mgl‐1) was employed to investigate the effects on the specific growth rate (μm) of the microbial culture. The experimental resu...
SOYUPAK, S; KILIC, B; MUKHALLALATI, L; YURTERI, C (Informa UK Limited, 1993-01-01)
Long-term impacts of acidic depositions on soils can be predicted with coupled applications of acid deposition models and approaches to assess soil acidification. Soil acidification assessment can be achieved by using the following approaches: (i) Mechanistic modelling (ii) Experimental acid buffering capacity (ABC) method (iii) Qualitative evaluations The mechanistic modelling approach adopted in this study utilises predicted acid deposition rates and soil properties as well as dominant soil mechanisms inc...
The effect of seed sludge type on aerobic granulation via anoxic-aerobic operation
Ersan, Yusuf Cagatay; Bayramoğlu, Tuba Hande (Informa UK Limited, 2014-12-01)
The effects of two seed sludge types, namely conventional activated sludge (CAS) and membrane bioreactor sludge (MBS), on aerobic granulation were investigated. The treatment performances of the reactors were monitored during and after the granulation. Operational period of 37 days was described in three phases; Phase 1 corresponds to Days 1-10, Phase 2 (overloading conditions) to Days 11-27 and Phase 3 (recovery) to Days 28-37. Aerobic granules of 0.56 +/- 0.23 to 2.48 +/- 1.28mm were successfully develope...
Removal of antibiotic resistance genes in various water resources recovery facilities
Kucukunsal, Serkan; İçgen, Bülent (Wiley, 2020-06-01)
Water resources recovery facilities (WWTPs) are hotspots for antibiotic resistance genes (ARGs) and pose a significant threat to environments. Therefore, ARG removal efficiencies of WWTPs are of great importance. In this study, conventional activated sludge (CAS), biological nutrient removal (BNR), sequencing batch reactor (SBR), membrane bioreactor (MBR), package MBR, and WWTP with coagulation-flocculation and UV disinfection units were investigated in terms of their removal efficiencies on overall bacteri...
Citation Formats
U. Tezel, G. N. Demirer, and S. Uludag-Demirer, “Control of trichloroethylene emissions from sparging systems by horizontal bio- and chemo-barriers,” ENVIRONMENTAL TECHNOLOGY, pp. 171–177, 2005, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: