Individualism and collectivism in a model and scale of balanced differentiation and integration

İmamoğlu, Emine Olcay
To discern some key features of individualistic and collectivistic human model conceptualizations within a parsimonious framework, the author proposed a model based on the notion that balancing the basic orientations for self-developmental differentiation (individuation) and interrelational integration (interrelatedness) promotes optimal development. The Balanced Differentiation and Integration Scale (BDIS) and the Balanced Orientation Scale (BOS), which was developed as a validity check for the BDIS, were used to empirically justify the proposed model. The BDIS and BOS were administered to 117 Turkish university students. For the BDIS, the results of 1st-order factor analysis yielded 6 factors that were then reduced to two 2nd-order factors: (a) Self-Developmental Orientation, with differentiative and integrative poles of individuation and normative patterning, respectively; and (b) Interrelational Orientation, with differentiative and integrative poles of separatedness and interrelatedness, respectively. The combinations of these two 2nd-order factors yielded 4 personality types. The results provide support for the validity and reliability of the BDIS and for the assertion that differentiation and integration of the self are complementary processes.


A Dynamic Systems Theory of epistemic curiosity
Subasi, Ahmet (Elsevier BV, 2019-08-01)
The article offers a unified theory of epistemic curiosity within dynamic systems framework. It focuses on complex motivational dynamics leading to epistemic curiosity preferences, which are complexly determined by a combination of motivational, affective and cognitive sub-systems operating within an epistemic ecology. Each sub-system is delimited and modelled as an interacting dimension of the multidimensional causality of the system. The theory focuses on personal variations rather than population average...
Relationship between materialism and self-construals
Turan, Gizem; İmamoğlu, Emine Olcay; Department of Psychology (2007)
The aim of the present study was to explore the associations between different types of orientations toward materialism, and to investigate the relationship between materialistic orientations and different self-construal types as suggested by the Balanced Integration and Differentiation (BID) Model (İmamoğlu, 1998, 2003). The sample was consisted of 335 Middle East Technical University students (168 females, 167 males) with a mean age of 21.34. The questionnaire consisted of eight scales that were used to m...
Self-construal differences in perceived work situation and well-being
Beydoğan, Başak; İmamoğlu, Emine Olcay; Department of Psychology (2008)
Based on the theoretical framework provided by Balanced Integration Differentiation (BID) Model ( mamoglu, 1998; 2003) and Self-Determination Theory (SDT) (Deci and Ryan, 1985), this study aimed to explore possible determinants of Turkish employees’ subjective (i.e., life satisfaction) and psychological well-being. Previous SDT research demonstrated that autonomus causality orientation and perceived autonomy supportiveness of context predicted need satisfaction at work and in turn, employee well-being (e.g....
Multiple linear regression model with stochastic design variables
İslam, Muhammed Qamarul (Informa UK Limited, 2010-01-01)
In a simple multiple linear regression model, the design variables have traditionally been assumed to be non-stochastic. In numerous real-life situations, however, they are stochastic and non-normal. Estimators of parameters applicable to such situations are developed. It is shown that these estimators are efficient and robust. A real-life example is given.
The Relationships Between Motivations of Intergroup Differentiation as a Function of Different Dimensions of Social Identity
Tasdemir, Nagihan (SAGE Publications, 2011-06-01)
This article aims to classify social identity-based theories of intergroup differentiation in terms of different dimensions of social identity to understand further the motivational bases of intergroup differentiation. For this purpose, I attempt to incorporate three lines of research in social psychology: (a) theories examining intergroup differentiation as a function of social identity, namely social identity theory and SCT; (b) studies suggesting social identity as a multidimensional construct; and (c) m...
Citation Formats
E. O. İmamoğlu, “Individualism and collectivism in a model and scale of balanced differentiation and integration,” JOURNAL OF PSYCHOLOGY, pp. 95–105, 1998, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: