Tracking the Evolution of Idiosyncratic Risk and Cross-Sectional Expected Returns for US REITs

Cakici, Nusret
Erol, Işıl
Tirtiroglu, Dogan
This paper adopts the methodology in Bali and Cakici (Journal of Financial & Quantitative Analysis, 43, 29-58, 2008) in tracking the evolution of the relation between equity REITs' idiosyncratic risk and their cross-sectional expected returns between 1981 and 2010. In addition to the full sample period, we study this relation for (i) January 1981-December 1992, (ii) January 1993-September 2001, (iii) November 2001-August 2008 and (iv) November 2001-December 2010 and produce empirical results for (i) all sample REITs, (ii) REITs with a price greater than $10 or (iii) REITs with a price greater than $5. Each period represents different dynamics (including the Global Financial Crisis) in the life of the REIT industry and leads to a different hypothesis. Further, we present comparative results based on the Fama-French 3- and 4-factor models. Overall, we document a negative relation between idiosyncratic risk and cross-sectional expected returns and demonstrate that this negative relation changes over time. These findings amplify the "idiosyncratic volatility puzzle," as reported in the recent finance literature. Interestingly, REITs with a price of $5-to-$10 do well in 2009 and 2010. Further, the momentum factor appears to be influential since the first-ever listing of a REIT in the S&P500 Index in early October 2001.


Concentrated Ownership, No Dividend Payout Requirement and Capital Structure of REITs: Evidence from Turkey
Erol, Işıl; Tirtiroglu, Dogan (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2011-07-01)
This paper studies empirically the capital structure of Turkish REITs as they offer unique and so far untested angles. They do not have to pay out dividends, yet enjoy the exemption from paying corporate taxes since their legal foundation in 1998. Several financial meltdowns occurred in the last three decades, keeping investors with a doubt about Turkey's financial and political stability. The last meltdown in 2001 is part of the sample period. Findings show that Turkish REITs employ little long-term debt i...
Information Producers and Valuation: Evidence from Real Estate Markets
Downs, David H.; Güner, Zehra Nuray (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2012-01-01)
This paper examines valuation and its relation to information production by licensed appraisers across real estate markets. The testable implications are discussed for either a peer monitoring or a crowding out effect in the data. The empirical model is estimated with data for all 50 US states and DC covering the sample period from 1999 to 2008. While analysis is primarily cross-sectional and not causal, the evidence is consistent with theory stating that the minimum quality associated with residential lice...
A quantitative analysis of cost-push shocks and optimal inflation volatility
Senay, Ozge; Sutherland, Alan (Informa UK Limited, 2008-01-01)
This article presents a quantitative analysis of optimal inflation volatility in a simple sticky-price general equilibrium model subject to both supply and cost-push shocks. It is found that optimal policy implies a relatively small degree of inflation volatility even when cost-push shocks are the dominant source of economic disturbance. In addition, it is found that optimal policy generates only a very small welfare gain when compared to strict inflation targeting.
The inflation-hedging properties of Turkish REITs
Erol, Işıl; Tirtiroglu, Dogan (Informa UK Limited, 2008-01-01)
This study empirically tests the inflation-hedging abilities of Turkish REITs in comparison to the indices of common stocks listed on the Istanbul Stock Exchange (ISE) over the period December 1999 to December 2004. Two main factors motivate this study. First, compared to their counterparts in developed capital markets, Turkish REITs have some important tax incentives as well as flexibility in managing their portfolios. Second, the Turkish economy provides a rare and good opportunity to test the hedging beh...
Is the information deficiency in real estate evident in public market trading?
Downs, DH; Güner, Zehra Nuray (Wiley, 1999-09-01)
This paper examines the summary informativeness of trading in real estate securities. Prior literature on publicly traded real estate securities suggests that the information deficiency associated with local economies and unique rent dynamics will manifest itself as severe information asymmetry. To date, most studies concerned with these issues have focused on the conventional measures of liquidity (serial correlations, bid-ask spreads, etc.). However, the conventional measures have several shortcomings as ...
Citation Formats
N. Cakici, I. Erol, and D. Tirtiroglu, “Tracking the Evolution of Idiosyncratic Risk and Cross-Sectional Expected Returns for US REITs,” JOURNAL OF REAL ESTATE FINANCE AND ECONOMICS, pp. 415–440, 2014, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: