Anaerobic biogasification of undiluted dairy manure in leaching bed reactors

Demirer, Göksel Niyazi
Chen, S.
Dry anaerobic digestion of high solids animal manure is of increasing importance since conventional slurry digestion is not an effective system for these manures. The investment costs for large-size reactors, costs for heating these reactors, handling, dewatering, and the disposal of the digested residue decrease the benefits of conventional slurry anaerobic digestion for high solids animal manure. Even though leaching bed reactors (LBR) constitute a promising option for dry anaerobic biogasification of animal manure, no study is cited in the literature for animal manure, excluding a single study on cattle waste which utilized a similar concept in a different experimental set-up, namely a packed bed digester. Therefore, this work was undertaken to investigate the anaerobic biogasification of undiluted dairy manure in LBRs. To this purpose anaerobic leaching bed reactors (ALBR) packed with a mixture of dairy manure, anaerobic seed and wood powder/chips were operated. The ALBRs were fed with water, and the leachate that was collected from their effluents was subjected to biochemical methane potential (BMP) experiments to determine the biogas production. The results revealed that LBRs can successfully be applied to anaerobic digestion of undiluted dairy manure with around 25% improvement in biogas production relative to conventional (slurry) anaerobic digesters.


Improved anaerobic acidification of unscreened dairy manure
Yilmaz, Vedat; Demirer, Göksel Niyazi (Mary Ann Liebert Inc, 2008-04-01)
Even though several aspects of two-phase configuration might be very significant for efficient anaerobic digestion ( AD) of dairy manure, its application has very been limited. Two sets of experiments daily-fed continuously mixed acidogenic anaerobic reactors with no recycle were conducted to investigate the optimum conditions on anaerobic acidification of unscreened dairy manure in terms of maximum acidification and VS reduction. Effect of solids and hydraulic retention time (SRT/HRT), organic loading rate...
Anaerobic acidification of sugar-beet processing wastes: Effect of operational parameters
Alkaya, Emrah; Demirer, Göksel Niyazi (Elsevier BV, 2011-01-01)
The objective of this study was to maximize the hydrolysis and acidification of sugar-beet processing wastewater and beet pulp for volatile fatty acid (VFA) production through acidogenic anaerobic metabolism. Experiments were conducted to determine the optimum operational conditions (HRT, waste-mixing ratio and pH) for effective acidification in daily-fed, continuously mixed anaerobic reactors. For this purpose, reactors were operated at 35 +/- 1 degrees C with different combinations of HRT (2-4 days), wast...
Anaerobic mesophilic digestion of waste activated sludge in the presence of 2,3 ',4,4 ',5-pentachlorobiphenyl
Kaya, Devrim; İmamoğlu, İpek; Sanin, Faika Dilek (Elsevier BV, 2013-09-01)
The aim of this study was to investigate the anaerobic digestion of waste activated sludge in the presence of a model PCB congener, 2,3',4,4',5-pentachlorobiphenyl (PCB-118), and transformer oil (TO), and thereby PCB dechlorination under mesophilic digestion conditions. Two PCB-118 concentrations (1 and 20 mg/L) and one TO concentration (1.52 g/L) were studied. Beside the PCB concentrations, pH, ORP, TS, VS, VSS, TSS, tCOD, and sCOD were monitored throughout the reactor operations (159-day). Methane product...
Kinetic modeling of enzymatic hydrolysis of pretreated kitchen wastes for enhancing bioethanol production
Çekmecelioğlu, Deniz (Elsevier BV, 2013-03-01)
It is well known that use of low cost and abundant waste materials in microbial fermentations can reduce product costs. Kitchen wastes disposed of in large amounts from cafeterias, restaurants, dining halls, food processing plants, and household kitchens contain high amounts of carbohydrate components such as glucose, starch, and cellulose. Efficient utilization of these sugars is another opportunity to reduce ethanol costs. In this study, the effect of pretreatment methods (hot water, acid solutions, and a...
Anaerobic digestion of dairy manure with enhanced ammonia removal
Uludag-Demirer, S.; Demirer, Göksel Niyazi; Frear, C.; Chen, S. (2008-01-01)
Poor ammonia-nitrogen removal in methanogenic anaerobic reactors digesting animal manure has been reported as an important disadvantage of anaerobic digestion (AD) in several studies. Development of anaerobic processes that are capable of producing reduced ammonia-nitrogen levels in their effluent is one of the areas where further research must be pursued if AD technology is to be made more effective and economically advantageous. One approach to removing ammonia from anaerobically digested effluents is the...
Citation Formats
G. N. Demirer and S. Chen, “Anaerobic biogasification of undiluted dairy manure in leaching bed reactors,” WASTE MANAGEMENT, pp. 112–119, 2008, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: