Consolidation of neoliberalism through political islam and its limits: The case of Turkey

2018-12
Uzgoren, Elif
The Justice and Development Party (JDP) carries the neoliberal programme with a moderate form of Islam in Turkey since 2002 elections. This article aims to present a political economy reading of Turkey’s state-society formation historically through embarking on Gramscian historical materialism. It then questions how institutionalist and critical political economy literature debate the JDP rule. I shall argue that while the institutionalist political economy literature fails to explicate the JDP rule, critical political economy literature contributes to unravel market-oriented nature of the JDP policies and to debate limits to consolidating neoliberalism through political Islam.

Suggestions

Intellectual hegemony of Justice and Development Party: a Gramscian pespective
Yaman, Murat; Saraçoğlu, Cenk; Political Science and International Relations (2012-9)
This thesis attempts to examine the relationship between liberal intellectuals and the Justice and Development Party (Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi, AKP) in Turkish politics. The Justice and Development Party was elected to power in the 2002 general elections, and has been continually in power since. The rise of the AKP was interpreted as a real historical break in Turkish politics since the foundation of the Republic of Turkey, and sparked the emergence of new public discussions and academic debates on...
Using “the other” in foreign-policy-making: an analysis of Turkey-EU relations between 2002 and 2014 /
Akcalı, Öznur; Ertuğrul, Kürşad; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2015)
The objective of this thesis is to examine the impact of the changing political discourses of Turkey’s identity vis a vis the EU during the AKP (Justice and Development Party / Adalet ve Kalkınma Partisi) term on relations with the European Union. To this end, the study focuses mainly on the discursive formulation of Turkey’s role in a context of “otherness” as a Muslim and Middle Eastern country under the rule of the AKP governments, Turkey’s major pro-Islamic party which first came to power in 2002. It is...
Patronage, party, and state: The politicization of Islam in Turkey
Ayata, S (1996-12-01)
The recent rise of political Islam in Turkey is examined in terms of a complex: interplay between four major processes: the policies of the parties on the center light toward religion; state-sponsored religious activities and the consolidation of establishment Islam; the impact of Sufi tarikats and communities; and the growing organizational strength, ideological appeal, and electoral base of the Islamist Welfare Party (WP).
The sustainability crisis of Alevis
Tol, Uğraş Ulaş; Özçoban Üstüner, Fahriye; Department of Political Science and Public Administration (2009)
One of the important agendas of Turkey in the 2000s has been the “Alevi Revival”. The subject of this thesis, which claims that Alevis are in a search of identity rather than in a period of revival, is the sustainability crisis of the Alevis. Aleviness which has not been mentioned in the political sphere before has now turned into frequently spoken phenomenon. In this “Open Aleviness” period Alevis felt themselves more free and relieved and with this sense they started to claim more rights and freedoms. The...
The relationship between cross-cutting exposure and political tolerance: the case of Turkey
Paksoy, Cansu; Cingöz Ulu, Banu; Department of Psychology (2017)
Political tolerance is a crucial issue in Turkey due to potential political polarization, prolonged inter-ethnic conflicts, and negative views toward minorities. This study examines the relationship between cross-cutting exposure and political tolerance based on the beneficial consequences of cross-cutting exposure for deliberation (i.e., unbiased information seeking, ambivalence, a realistic perspective towards one’s own view). The present study replicates the hypothesis that cross-cutting discussion (i.e....
Citation Formats
E. Uzgoren, “Consolidation of neoliberalism through political islam and its limits: The case of Turkey,” ODTÜ Gelişme Dergisi, vol. 45, no. 3, pp. 285–307, 2018, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: http://www2.feas.metu.edu.tr/metusd/ojs/index.php/metusd/article/view/1038.