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Financial Development and Economic Growth - New Data and Empirical Analysis

Graff, Micheal
The paper discusses the significance of financial development as a determinant of economic development. An empirical analysis is based on panel data covering 93 countries from 1970-90. It draws on a new proxy for financial development that refers to the input of real resources into the financial system. Moreover, interaction effects between financial development and catching-up as well as education are considered. Finally, to clarify the structure of causal relationships, a two-wave path model is estimated. It is shown that finance was predominantly a supply-leading determinant of growth. From about 1975-80, however, financial activity worked considerably less beneficially.