A numerical study of solidification and viscous dissipation effects on polymer melt flow in plane channels

Tutar, Mustafa
Karakuş, Ali
The combined effects of solidification and viscous dissipation on the hydrodynamic and thermal behavior of polymer melt flow during the injection process in a straight plane channel of constant cross section are numerically studied by considering the shear-rate and temperature-dependent viscosity and transient-phase change behavior. A numerical finite volume method, in conjunction with a modified form of the Cross constitutive equation to account for shear rate, temperature-dependent viscosity changes and a slightly modified form of the method proposed by Voller and Prakash to account for solidification of the liquid phase, is used and a validation with an analytical solution is presented for viscous heating effects. The hydrodynamic and solidified layers growth under the influence of a transient phase-change process and viscous dissipation, are analyzed for a commercial polymer melt flow, polypropylene (PP) for different parametric conditions namely, inflow velocity, polymer injection (inflow) temperature, the channel wall temperature, and the channel height. The results demonstrate that the proposed numerical formulations, including conjugate effects of viscous heating and transient-solidification on the present thermal transport process, can provide an accurate and realistic representation of polymer melt flow behavior during the injection molding process in plane channels with less simplifying assumptions.


Studies on the effect of electrode type and substrate temperature on plasma polymerization of two model compounds: Acrylonitrile and hexamethyldisiloxane
Akovalı, Güneri; Dilsiz, Nursel (Wiley, 1990-4)
Polymers were prepared from saturated (HMDS) and unsaturated (AN) monomers in a radio frequency discharge (plasma). The effect of selected parameters such as electrode type (such as Cu, Zn, Ni, Al), reactor type, and substrate temperature (other parameters constant) on chemical structure and the rate of polymer deposition was examined by Fourier transform infrared (FTIR) spectroscopy. Differences in the nature of electrodes and reactor types were found to yield similar plasma products with similar rates of ...
Effect of Boron Phosphate on the Mechanical, Thermal and Fire Retardant Properties of Polypropylene and Polyamide-6 Fibers
DOĞAN, Mehmet; Bayramlı, Erdal (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2013-10-01)
The effect of boron phosphate (BPO4) nanoparticles on the mechanical, thermal, and flame retardant properties of polypropylene (PP) and polyamide 6 (PA-6) fibers are investigated by tensile testing, thermogravimetric analysis (TGA), differential scanning calorimeter (DSC), and micro combustion calorimeter (MCC). The addition of BPO4 reduces the mechanical properties of the both PP and PA-6 fibers. According to the TGA results, the addition of BPO4 does not change the thermal behavior of PP fiber and slightl...
Understanding the influence of hydrogen bonding and diisocyanate symmetry on the morphology and properties of segmented polyurethanes and polyureas: Computational and experimental study
Sami, Selim; Yıldırım, Erol; Yurtsever, Mine; Yurtsever, Ersin; Yilgor, Emel; Yilgor, Iskender; Wilkes, Garth L. (Elsevier BV, 2014-09-02)
Quantum mechanical calculations (QMC) and dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) siniulations were utilized to understand the nature of the short and long-range hydrogen bonding and its influence on the microphase morphology in segmented polyurethanes and segmented polyureas prepared without chain extenders through the stoichiometric reactions of hydroxy or amine terminated poly(tetramethylene oxide) (PTMO-1000) with 1,4-phenylene diisocyanate (PPDI) and 1,3-phenylene diisocyanate (MPDI). The possibility of lo...
Comparative study on mechanical, thermal, viscoelastic and rheological properties of vulcanised EPDM rubber
Çavdar, Şeyma; Ozdemir, T.; Usanmaz, Ali (Informa UK Limited, 2010-07-01)
In this study, mechanical, thermal and rheological properties of vulcanised ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM) rubber containing different amounts of vulcanising agent, filler, paraffinic oil and stearic acid were compared. Moreover, reaction rate constant of the curing reaction has been calculated from the results of the rheological tests, and relative change of rate constant with the change of additives was studied by a new method. Thermal gravimetric analysis with in situ Fourier transform infrared ...
Orbey, H.; Orbey, N. (Informa UK Limited, 1989-3)
A data reduction technique is introduced for the evaluation of second virial coefficients of gases at subcritical temperatures. The method makes use of the vapor-liquid equilibrium data, i.e., temperature, saturation pressure, liquid and vapor molar volumes and can be used to obtain second virial coefficients of a wide variety of fluids including polar, associating and quantum gases. The calculated second virial coefficients are in good agreement with their counterparts from literature, which are obtained f...
Citation Formats
M. Tutar and A. Karakuş, “A numerical study of solidification and viscous dissipation effects on polymer melt flow in plane channels,” JOURNAL OF POLYMER ENGINEERING, pp. 95–110, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/62556.