A numerical study of solidification and viscous dissipation effects on polymer melt flow in plane channels

Tutar, Mustafa
Karakuş, Ali
The combined effects of solidification and viscous dissipation on the hydrodynamic and thermal behavior of polymer melt flow during the injection process in a straight plane channel of constant cross section are numerically studied by considering the shear-rate and temperature-dependent viscosity and transient-phase change behavior. A numerical finite volume method, in conjunction with a modified form of the Cross constitutive equation to account for shear rate, temperature-dependent viscosity changes and a slightly modified form of the method proposed by Voller and Prakash to account for solidification of the liquid phase, is used and a validation with an analytical solution is presented for viscous heating effects. The hydrodynamic and solidified layers growth under the influence of a transient phase-change process and viscous dissipation, are analyzed for a commercial polymer melt flow, polypropylene (PP) for different parametric conditions namely, inflow velocity, polymer injection (inflow) temperature, the channel wall temperature, and the channel height. The results demonstrate that the proposed numerical formulations, including conjugate effects of viscous heating and transient-solidification on the present thermal transport process, can provide an accurate and realistic representation of polymer melt flow behavior during the injection molding process in plane channels with less simplifying assumptions.


Orbey, H.; Orbey, N. (Informa UK Limited, 1989-3)
A data reduction technique is introduced for the evaluation of second virial coefficients of gases at subcritical temperatures. The method makes use of the vapor-liquid equilibrium data, i.e., temperature, saturation pressure, liquid and vapor molar volumes and can be used to obtain second virial coefficients of a wide variety of fluids including polar, associating and quantum gases. The calculated second virial coefficients are in good agreement with their counterparts from literature, which are obtained f...
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Quantum mechanical calculations (QMC) and dissipative particle dynamics (DPD) siniulations were utilized to understand the nature of the short and long-range hydrogen bonding and its influence on the microphase morphology in segmented polyurethanes and segmented polyureas prepared without chain extenders through the stoichiometric reactions of hydroxy or amine terminated poly(tetramethylene oxide) (PTMO-1000) with 1,4-phenylene diisocyanate (PPDI) and 1,3-phenylene diisocyanate (MPDI). The possibility of lo...
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ILTER, M; OZILGEN, M; ORBEY, N (Wiley, 1991-01-01)
Permeation of individual gases through a low density polyethylene package film with CO2-N2 and CO2-O2-N2 mixtures was simulated with a simple mathematical model. Permeabilities of carbon dioxide were of the order of 10(-12) m3/s m2atm/m with CO2-N2 systems. Including oxygen in the system did not change carbon dioxide permeabilities. Permeabilities of oxygen were of the order of magnitude of 10(-9) m3/s m2atm/m with this system. When a CO2-O2-N2 mixture was humidified no substantial change was observed i...
Effect of Gas Permeation Temperature and Annealing Procedure on the Performance of Binary and Ternary Mixed Matrix Membranes of Polyethersulfone, SAPO-34, and 2-Hydroxy 5-Methyl Aniline
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This study investigated the effect of annealing time and temperature on gas separation performance of mixed matrix membranes (MMMs) prepared from polyethersulfone (PES), SAPO-34, and 2-hydroxy 5-methyl aniline (HMA). A postannealing period at 120 degrees C for a week extensively increased the reproducibility and stability of MMMs, but for pure PES membranes no postannealing was necessary for stable and reproducible performance. The effect of operation temperature was also investigated. The permeabilities of...
Citation Formats
M. Tutar and A. Karakuş, “A numerical study of solidification and viscous dissipation effects on polymer melt flow in plane channels,” JOURNAL OF POLYMER ENGINEERING, pp. 95–110, 2013, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/62556.