Significant parameters and technological advancements in biodiesel production systems

Gunay, M. Erdem
Türker, Burhan Lemi
Biodiesel is a mixture of fatty acid esters formed by transesterification of vegetable oil, animal fat, algae oil or waste oil with an alcohol like methanol (CH3OH), ethanol (C2H5OH) or higher alcohols. There are many important catalytic variables like catalyst type and composition, support type and pretreatment conditions (i.e. calcination temperature and time) which are utilized to achieve high yields for the transesterification reaction. In addition, operational conditions such as reaction temperature, alcohol type, alcohol to oil molar ratio and stirring speed have also quite high significance. Moreover, all these variables can be optimized under supercritical conditions by novel techniques like ultrasonic and microwave irradiation or hydrodynamic cavitation. In this work, significant catalytic and operational variables for biodiesel production are reviewed. In addition, dominant parameters together with their limitations during the application of advanced technologies are investigated in detail. Then, it has been concluded that, for better control and higher yields of biodiesel production, future research works should focus on addition of co-solvents, use of longer chain alcohols, bulky structures or ionic liquids, adjustment of mode of irradiation and modification of the instrumentation or the equipment.


3-d model studies of alkaline flooding using horizontal wells
Bağcı, Ali Suat (Informa UK Limited, 2004-07-02)
In this study, the effect of sodium hydroxide (NaOH) solution for the improved oil recovery of Garzan (26degreesAP1) crude oil was investigated using two different laboratory models. The effect of injection rate on oil recovery was investigated using a one-dimensional unconsolidated limestone reservoir model. The effect of horizontal and vertical well configurations on oil recovery was also studied using a 3-D physical model and various well configurations. As previously studied, the interfacial tension mea...
Empirical correlations for estimating filtrate volume of water based drilling fluids
Ozbayoglu, Evren; Gunes, Cagri; Apak, Esat C.; Kök, Mustafa Verşan; Iscan, A. Gurkan (Informa UK Limited, 2005-03-01)
Standard American Petroleum Institute (API) filter press is generally used for identifying the filtrate volume of drilling fluids and works only at very low pressures. In fact, during a drilling operation, at downhole conditions, the pressures encountered are significantly higher than what is used during standard API filter press tests. A relationship between the well-known fluid properties and the filtrate volume test is developed. In this study, experiments have been conducted for different water-clay mix...
Utilization of fine coal tailings by flotation using ionic reagents
Sis, H; Ozbayoglu, G; Sarikaya, M (Informa UK Limited, 2004-08-01)
Fatty acid type ionic collectors were used as an alternative to conventional oily collectors, kerosene, and pine oil mixture in the flotation of coal tailing with 46.1% ash. The conventional collectors could not reduce the ash content of the concentrate below 22%. On the other hand, ionic collectors were found to be significantly better at reducing the ash content down to 13%. It was concluded that despite their lower flotation yield and higher consumptions, certain ionic collectors could be used successful...
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İÇÖZ, TUNÇ; Dursunkaya, Zafer (ASME International, 2005-01-01)
Blowback of engine oil suspended in combustion gases, when the gas flows from the piston second land back into the combustion chamber is believed to contribute to oil consumption and hydrocarbon emissions in internal combustion engines. Oil accumulation in the region between top and second compression rings is a factor that influences this phenomenon. The effects of individual parameters, such as oil film thickness and viscosity, however have still not been understood. The present study was aimed at constru...
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Gumrah, F; Izgec, O; Gokcesu, U; Bağcı, Ali Suat (Informa UK Limited, 2005-07-15)
It is possible to predict the behavior of fluids in permeable and porous medium under different operating conditions by using reservoir models. Since geological data and reservoir properties can be defined most accurately by reservoir models, it has been accepted as a reliable prediction tool among reservoir engineers. In this study, a gas reservoir has been modeled with IMEX Module of CMG Reservoir Simulator. Rock properties, gas composition and certain production data were entered to the model as input da...
Citation Formats
M. E. Gunay, B. L. Türker, and N. A. TAPAN, “Significant parameters and technological advancements in biodiesel production systems,” FUEL, pp. 27–41, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: