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SIMULTANEOUS MANIPULATION OF PROPOSITIONAL AND ANALOG CODES IN PICTURE MEMORY

1990-04-01
TALASLI, U
Revealing a picture as a whole or as momentarily displayed strips presumably manipulated the propositional coding of the picture. Analog manipulation employed superimposition of a grid pattern. Effectiveness of simultaneous manipulations was tested via recognition with three foil categories, each of which presumably tapped the analog or prepositional codes mainly, or both of them in detection. While figural units' perspective reversals should presumably be detected via the analog code, their locational displacements should be detected via the prepositional code. Foils with novel item substitution should be detected by both codes. On the basis of such presumptions about encoding and recognition manipulations, certain predictions were made for scan and grid effects in “reversal,” “displacement,” and “novelty” foil categories. Full confirmation of these predictions was then taken as evidence that both analog and prepositional codes do exist. Once such evidence was established, other issues were tackled, showing that target detection involves the prepositional code only, while foil detection involves both codes. Further, recognition hypermnesia, where performance improves with repeated testing, was obtained only when both codes were attenuated. Data suggested that subjects might be switching from analog to prepositional codes when both codes were strong, thereby preventing hypermnesia.