The role of temporality and interaction in the Turkey-EU relationship

Eralp, Atila
This paper introduces the two factors of temporality and interaction, which are not well-researched within the Turkey-EU relationship. I suggest that these two factors are important for understanding the process of Europeanization in Turkey and explaining the ups and downs in the long-lasting relationship. After briefly examining the two historical periods of the Turkey-EU relationship - that is, from 1959 to 1970 and from 1970 to 1999 - the paper mainly focuses on the more recent period following the Helsinki Summit of 1999 and shows how the factors of temporality and interaction operated differently between 1999 and 2004, and after 2004, turning from positive to negative. Having presented the historical evidence, the paper concludes by emphasizing the close interaction between the factors of temporality, interaction and the process of Europeanization in the Turkish context and suggesting that the analysis of these two factors opens up new possibilities for comparative research on other accession and candidate countries.


Kaya, Burak (2017-06-01)
In this paper, we analyze the Borel complexity of the topological conjugacy relation on Toeplitz subshifts. More specifically, we prove that topological conjugacy of Toeplitz subshifts with separated holes is hyperfinite. Indeed, we show that the topological conjugacy relation is hyperfinite on a larger class of Toeplitz subshifts which we call Toeplitz subshifts with growing blocks. This result provides a partial answer to a question asked by Sabok and Tsankov.
How to model mutually exclusive events based on independent causal pathways in Bayesian network models
Fenton, Norman; Neil, Martin; Lagnado, David; Marsh, William; Yet, Barbaros; Constantinou, Anthony (2016-12-01)
We show that existing Bayesian network (BN) modelling techniques cannot capture the correct intuitive reasoning in the important case when a set of mutually exclusive events need to be modelled as separate nodes instead of states of a single node. A previously proposed 'solution', which introduces a simple constraint node that enforces mutual exclusivity, fails to preserve the prior probabilities of the events, while other proposed solutions involve major changes to the original model. We provide a novel an...
The use of generalized finite difference method in perfectly matched layer analysis
Korkut, Fuat; Tokdemir, Turgut; Mengi, Yalcin (2018-08-01)
This study deals with the use of Generalized Finite Difference Method (GFDM) in Perfectly Matched layer (PML) analysis. There are two options for performing PML analysis. First option is to express PML equations in terms of real coordinates of the points in actual (real) PML region; the second is to use governing equations (expressed in terms of complex stretching coordinates) as they are in complex PML region. The first option is implemented in this study; the implementation of the second option is under w...
The Effects of Test Length and Sample Size on Item Parameters in Item Response Theory
Sahin, Alper; ANIL, DUYGU (2017-02-01)
This study investigates the effects of sample size and test length on item-parameter estimation in test development utilizing three unidimensional dichotomous models of item response theory (IRT). For this purpose, a real language test comprised of 50 items was administered to 6,288 students. Data from this test was used to obtain data sets of three test lengths (10, 20, and 30 items) and nine different sample sizes (150, 250, 350, 500, 750, 1,000, 2,000, 3,000 and 5,000 examinees). These data sets were the...
A complete axiomatization for fuzzy functional and multivalued dependencies in fuzzy database relations
Sozat, MI; Yazıcı, Adnan (Elsevier BV, 2001-01-15)
This paper first introduces the formal definitions of fuzzy functional and multivalued dependencies which are given on the basis of the conformance values presented here. Second, the inference rules are listed after both fuzzy functional and multivalued dependencies are shown to be consistent, that is, they reduce to those of the classic functional and multivalued dependencies when crisp attributes are involved. Finally, the inference rules presented here are shown to be sound and complete for the family of...
Citation Formats
A. Eralp, “The role of temporality and interaction in the Turkey-EU relationship,” NEW PERSPECTIVES ON TURKEY, pp. 147–168, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: