Studies on an inhibitor produced by lactic acid bacteria of wines on the control of malolactic fermentation

Yurdugul, S
Bozoglu, F
Malolactic fermentation is the microbiological process in wines, where lactic acid bacteria (LAB) govern the process of converting L-malic acid into L-lactic acid. During this process a high microbial load of LAB may lead to an unwanted spoilage phenomena by formation of excessive amounts of undesirable flavor compounds. This study is mainly focused on the isolation of LAB from the native flora of the wine, which has an inhibitory potential against malolactic activity of LAB inherent in wines. An isolate of Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. cremoris was found to produce an inhibitory compound against the LAB of wines. This compound was found to be a bacteriocin-like inhibitory substance (BLIS), which has a molecular weight of 32,000 Da, and it was shown that this BLIS was effective in the control of malolactic fermentation.


Effects of a bacteriocin-like substance produced by Leuconostoc mesenteroides subsp. cremoris on spoilage strain Lactobacillus fructivorans and various pathogens
YURDUGÜL, SEYHUN; Bozoglu, Faruk (Wiley, 2008-01-01)
Certain lactic acid bacteria present in the natural flora of the wine fermentation medium perform the malolactic fermentation process and other biochemical activities which lead to the formation of the outstanding aroma and bouquet of wine. However, because of the spoilage phenomena caused also by certain lactic cultures, off-odours formed via metabolic side reactions cause severe economic losses in the wine industry. Several control mechanisms were introduced in order to eliminate these spoilage cultures, ...
Ülgen, Neşe; Özilgen, Mustafa (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 1993-01-01)
Optimization of microbial death, enzyme inactivation and vitamin C retention during pasteurization of pH-adjusted orange juice is discussed free of equipment-dependent parameters such as the heating lag. The pH-temperature optimum was determined by response surface methodology in the range of 65-degrees-C-75-degrees-C and pH 2.5 4.0. The results implied that there was no pectin-esterase activity below pH 3.5. Leuconostoc mesenteroides had its maximum and minimum thermal resistance at pH 3.5 and pH 2.7, resp...
A new instrumental setup for determination of small amplitude viscoelastic properties of dough during fermentation
Mert, Behiç (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2008-05-01)
In this study, the working principles and the theoretical background of a new method to measure the viscoelastic properties of dough in the fermentation process are presented. During measurements, the dough sample was placed between a stationary bottom plate and an oscillating top plate and squeezed at random frequencies ranging from 10 to 100,000 rad/s. By measuring the required force and velocity of oscillations, the mechanical impedance of the samples, defined as the ratio of the force to oscillation vel...
Effects of high hydrostatic pressure on shelf life of lager beer
BUZRUL, S; Alpas, Hami; BOZOGLU, F (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2005-05-01)
Filtered bright lager beer samples were either treated with high hydrostatic pressure (HHP, 350 MPa for 3 and 5 min at 20 C) or conventional heat pasteurization (60 C for 15 min). A storage period of 56 days showed that HHP and heat pasteurization had similar results in terms of pH and color (p<0.05). However HHP-treated samples had lower bitterness and protein sensitivity and higher chill haze values than the heat pasteurized samples at the end of the storage period. The microbiological stability of HHP-tr...
Functional properties of microwave-treated wheat gluten
Yalcin, Erkan; Sakiyan, Ozge; Şümnü, Servet Gülüm; Celik, Sueda; KÖKSEL, HAMİT (Springer Science and Business Media LLC, 2008-09-01)
In this study, the effects of microwave treatments on solubility, foaming and emulsifying properties of gluten were investigated. The solubility of microwave-heated gluten proteins gradually decreased as the treatment time increased, at all power levels applied. The highest solubility values were obtained for gluten samples microwave treated at 50% power level. The lowest emulsifying capacity values were obtained with the samples heated at 100% power level at all treatment times. The emulsifying stability v...
Citation Formats
S. Yurdugul and F. Bozoglu, “Studies on an inhibitor produced by lactic acid bacteria of wines on the control of malolactic fermentation,” EUROPEAN FOOD RESEARCH AND TECHNOLOGY, pp. 38–41, 2002, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: