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Monte Carlo Analysis of Molecule Absorption Probabilities in Diffusion-Based Nanoscale Communication Systems with Multiple Receivers

Arifler, Dizem
For biomedical applications of nanonetworks, employing molecular communication for information transport is advantageous over nano-electromagnetic communication: molecular communication is potentially biocompatible and inherently energy-efficient. Recently, several studies have modeled receivers in diffusion-based molecular communication systems as "perfectly monitoring" or "perfectly absorbing" spheres based on idealized descriptions of chemoreception. In this paper, we focus on perfectly absorbing receivers and present methods to improve the accuracy of simulation procedures that are used to analyze these receivers. We employ schemes available from the chemical physics and biophysics literature and outline a Monte Carlo simulation algorithm that accounts for the possibility of molecule absorption during discrete time steps, leading to a more accurate analysis of absorption probabilities. Unlike most existing studies that consider a single receiver, this paper analyzes absorption probabilities for multiple receivers deterministically or randomly deployed in a region. For random deployments, the ultimate absorption probabilities as a function of transmitter-receiver distance are shown to fit well to power laws; the exponents derived become more negative as the number of receivers increases up to a limit beyond which no additional receivers can be "packed" in the deployment region. This paper is expected to impact the design of molecular nanonetworks with multiple absorbing receivers.