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Computer simulation of the human leg subjected to impact loading

Wang, XS
Turgut, TS
Nuri, A
One of the most important tasks in clinical practice is to determine accurately the forces and displacements of the various anatomical structural components of the human leg, especially when subjected to impact loading. This paper therefore develops a computer simulation which describes the biodynamic response of the human lower extremity for realistic activities such as kicking by foot etc. Firstly, the paper derives the nonlinear equations of motion and nonlinear constraint equation governing the sagittal plane response of the human leg subjected to impact loading. The equations are then solved using numerical techniques and the results are presented. Special attention is given to the ligament, contact and muscle group forces, the location of contact points, anterior-posterior displacements and the motion trajectories of the femur and the tibia.