A review of Ghana's water resource management and the future prospect

2016-01-01
Owusu, Phebe Asantewaa
Asumadu-Sarkodie, Samuel
Ameyo, Polycarp
Water covers about 70% of the earth's surface and it exists naturally in the earth in all the three physical states of matter and it is always moving around because the water flows with the current. Out of the earth's percentage of water covering the surface, only about 2.5% is fresh water and due to the fact that most are stored in deep groundwater, a small amount is readily available for human use. Water scarcity is becoming a major concern for people around the world and the need to protect the existing ones and find ways or means to provide safe water for individuals around the globe in adequate quantities with keeping the needs of future generations in mind. Water is life, and it is linked with lots of services either directly or indirectly, such as; human health and welfare and social and economic development of a community or country. The need to delve into Ghana's water resources management is essential. The study reviewed existing literature on the various members of the Water Resource Commission (WRC) in Ghana; the various basins in the country; the existing measures that the WRC authorities have in place to deal with water resources management issues; the challenges that hinder the progress of their achievements and some suggestions that if considered can improve the current water resources management situations in Ghana.
COGENT ENGINEERING

Suggestions

Stream flow variability and drought severity in the Songhua River Basin, Northeast China
Faiz, Muhammad Abrar; Liu, Dong; Fu, Qiang; Uzair, Muhammad; Khan, Muhammad Imran; Baig, Faisal; Li, Tianxiao; Cui, Song (2018-05-01)
A slight variation in the magnitude of stream flow can have a substantial influence on the development of water resources. The Songhua River Basin (SRB) serves as a major grain commodity basin and is located in the northeastern region of China. Recent studies have identified a gradual decrease in stream flows, which presents a serious risk to water resources of the region. It is therefore necessary to assess the variation in stream flow and to predict the future of stream flows and droughts to make a compre...
Performance comparison of filtering methods on modelling and forecasting total precipitation amount
Ünal, Ecem; Yozgatlıgil, Ceylan; Department of Statistics (2019)
The performance of condensed water vapour in the atmosphere observed as precipitation on the earth surface with the consequence of gravity. It is hard to observe and measure the amount and concentration of total precipitation with its all types changing over time. This difficulty can be explained by the association between the changing amount of precipitation and the variability in the climate with its both causes and consequences. As a result of these factors, modelling and forecasting of monthly total pre...
Investigation of Sea Surface Temperature (SST) Anomalies over Cyprus Area
Georgiou, Andreas; Akcit, Nuhcan (2016-04-08)
The temperature of the sea surface has been identified as an important parameter of the natural environment, governing processes that occur in the upper ocean. This paper focuses on the analysis of the Sea Surface Temperature (SST) anomalies at the greater area of Cyprus. For that, SST data derived from MODerate-resolution Imaging Spectroradiometer (MODIS) instrument on board both Aqua and Terra sun synchronous satellites were used. A four year period was chosen as a first approach to address and describe t...
Remotely Sensed Terrestrial Water Balance of the Nile Basin
Smith, Tiffany; Zaitchik, Ben; Anderson, Martha; Yılmaz, Mustafa Tuğrul; Alo, Clement; Rodell, Matthew (2011-12-05)
Satellite-derived estimates of precipitation, evapotranspiration (ET), and water storage have transformed our understanding of hydrological dynamics at the basin scale. At the same time, the profusion of satellite and model-generated hydrological estimates has demonstrated that there is still considerable uncertainty associated with the quantification of hydrologic states and fluxes at basin scale: the use of different combinations of data products can lead to dramatically different conclusions regarding wa...
An Investigation of the Ground Motion Scaling Procedures for the Nonlinear Seismic Analyses of Concrete Gravity Dams
Soysal, BERAT FEYZA; Ay, Bekir Özer; Arıcı, Yalın (2019-07-03)
Seismic assessment of gravity dams is generally carried out using time history analyses. Scaling of the motions is commonly used; however, in contrast to buildings, the performance of scaling procedures at predicting the mean and reducing the dispersion in engineering demand parameters (EDPs) is not known. The main goal of this study is to assess the performance of different scaling procedures in predicting seismic demands on dams. The performance regarding the prediction of the damage and the required numb...
Citation Formats
P. A. Owusu, S. Asumadu-Sarkodie, and P. Ameyo, “A review of Ghana’s water resource management and the future prospect,” COGENT ENGINEERING, pp. 0–0, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/66432.