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Improvement in magnetic properties of La substituted BaFe12O19 particles prepared with an unusually low Fe/Ba molar ratio

2011-07-01
Sozeri, H.
KÜÇÜK, İLKER
Ozkan, H.
In this study, effect of lanthanum substitution on the phase composition, lattice parameters and magnetic properties of barium hexaferrite has been studied in samples synthesized in ammonium nitrate melt. Samples, prepared with different lanthanum amount and having various initial Fe/(Ba + La) ratios in between 12 and 2 {(Ba1-xLax).n Fe2O3, where 0 <= x <= 1 and 1 <= n <= 6)}, are sintered at temperatures from 800 to 1200 degrees C. The lattice parameters, both a and c, decreases with increasing La amount which results in a decrease of the unit cell volume. The scanning electron microscope micrographs show that the pure and La-substituted sample with x = 0.3, both calcinated at 1000 degrees C, have grain sizes smaller than 1 mu m. The coercivities of the La-substituted samples increase with increasing La amount and reaches to a maximum value of 5.73 kOe, when x = 0.3. Sintering at higher temperatures (above 1000 degrees C) decreases the coercivity, resembling a transition from single to multi-domain behavior of the particles, while saturation magnetization of the samples continues to increase due to the increasing grain size. Magnetization measurements of the samples prepared with different Fe/(Ba + La) molar ratios, n's, revealed that the specific saturation magnetization slightly increases with decreasing n, while coercivities fluctuates around 5.5 kOe. However, a sharp increase in the saturation magnetization has been observed in the sample having n 1 and washed in HCl. It was measured as 59.2 emu/g at 15 kOe, which is higher than that of the pure sample (57.5 emu/g). Thus, the magnetic parameters are optimized in the sample Ba0.7La0.3Fe12O19 so as to maximize both coercivity and specific saturation magnetization in the HCl-washed sample synthesized by starting with an unusually low Fe/(Ba + La) molar ratio of 2 (or n 1). Crown Copyright (C) 2011 Published by Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved.