A Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of Randomized Controlled Positive Psychological Interventions on Subjective and Psychological Well-Being

2020-01-02
Koydemir, Selda
Soekmez, Asli Bugay
Schuetz, Astrid
We conducted a meta-analysis to analyze the effects of randomized controlled positive psychological interventions on subjective and psychological well-being. Our aim was to extend previous research by following a more comprehensive approach in the selection of studies, by including new moderators, by focusing on adult nonclinical populations and increases in well-being, and by comparing the effects of interventions targeting subjective and psychological well-being (i.e., hedonism or eudemonia) or a combination of the two. In contrast to previous analyses, we compared effects on different outcomes and contrasted effects of technology-assisted interventions with traditional ones. We included 68 randomized controlled studies of nonclinical populations with a total of 16,085 participants. The results showed that positive psychological interventions do increase well-being. The overall effect size (Cohen's d) was 0.23, but it was 0.08 for psychological well-being, 0.22 for subjective well-being, and 0.43 when the studies targeted both types of well-being. Longer interventions showed stronger immediate effects than shorter ones, and interventions based on traditional methods were more effective than those that used technology-assisted methods. With respect to short-term outcomes, there was a negative relation to age, but when long-term effects were considered, the relation to age was positive. Overall, we also found evidence of long-term effects of the interventions.
APPLIED RESEARCH IN QUALITY OF LIFE

Suggestions

A BRIEF RESEARCH NOTE: HELPLESSNESS, HOPELESSNESS, AND HAPLESSNESS AS PREDICTORS OF SUICIDAL IDEATION: A CROSS-CULTURAL STUDY
Gençöz, Faruk; Walker, Rheeda; Lester, David (SAGE Publications, 2008-01-01)
Scales to measure helplessness and hopelessness were found to have good reliability and were significantly correlated with suicidal ideation in both Turkish and American respondents.
A multigroup analysis of family climate and volunteering: The mediating role of parental conversations in emerging adulthood
Gönül, Buse; IŞIK BAŞ, HATİCE; Güneş, Seren (Informa UK Limited, 2020-07-01)
The current study aims to examine the predictive role of family climate (relatedness in family, cognitive cohesion, and intergenerational authority) in volunteering through conversations with parents in emerging adulthood while also considering the effects of gender. A total of 507 emerging adults reported their participation in volunteering, perceptions of family climate, and frequency of conversations with their parents about volunteering. Results of the structural equation modeling showed that even thoug...
A comparison of written feedback and written plus verbal feedback methods in performance management
Erdemli, Cigdem; Somer, H. Canan; Bilgiç, Reyhan (2007-01-01)
The purpose of this study was to examine the effects of two different modes of feedback on the reactions of supervisors (raters) and subordinates (ratees) and also on the performance of the subordinates. Using a quasi-experimental design, 77 supervisors giving feedback and 71 subordinates receiving feedback participated in the study. Supervisors were assigned to either Written Plus Verbal Feedback Condition or Verbal Feedback Condition. After receiving a general performance appraisal training and a feedback...
An integrative perspective on the interplay between early maladaptive schemas and mental health: The role of self-compassion and emotion regulation
Yakın, Duygu; Gençöz, Tülin; Steenbergen, Laura; Arntz, Arnoud (Wiley, 2019-06-01)
Objectives We aimed to test whether negative emotion regulation difficulties and self-compassion mediate the relationship between early maladaptive schemas (EMSs) and symptoms of psychopathology and life satisfaction. Methods Data were collected from 296 adults (179 females, 117 males), whose age ranged from 17 to 52 years. The mediating roles of self-compassion and negative emotion regulation were examined via Hayes' procedure (PROCESS) for multiple mediation. Results Negative emotion regulation was the on...
Pre-service early childhood teachers’ beliefs concerning parent involvement: the predictive impact of their general self-efficacy beliefs and perceived barriers
Alaçam, Nur; Olgan, Refika (Informa UK Limited, 2019-07-04)
This study aimed to investigate pre-service early childhood teachers’ beliefs regarding their competency in implementing parent involvement strategies as well as examining the predictive impact of variables on these implementations, namely general self-efficacy beliefs and parent involvement barrier perceptions. Data were collected from 601 third and fourth-year pre-service early childhood teachers using adapted versions of the General Self-Efficacy Scale, Assessment of Parent Involvement Efficacy Scale, an...
Citation Formats
S. Koydemir, A. B. Soekmez, and A. Schuetz, “A Meta-Analysis of the Effectiveness of Randomized Controlled Positive Psychological Interventions on Subjective and Psychological Well-Being,” APPLIED RESEARCH IN QUALITY OF LIFE, pp. 0–0, 2020, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/67210.