A BRIEF RESEARCH NOTE: HELPLESSNESS, HOPELESSNESS, AND HAPLESSNESS AS PREDICTORS OF SUICIDAL IDEATION: A CROSS-CULTURAL STUDY

2008-01-01
Gençöz, Faruk
VATAN, SEVGİNAR
Walker, Rheeda
Lester, David
Scales to measure helplessness and hopelessness were found to have good reliability and were significantly correlated with suicidal ideation in both Turkish and American respondents.