Adults with High-functioning Autism Process Web Pages With Similar Accuracy but Higher Cognitive Effort Compared to Controls

Yaneva, Victoria
Ha, Le An
Eraslan, Sukru
Yesilada, Yeliz
To accoiniodate the needs of web users with high-functioning autisi, a designer's only option at present is to rely on guidelines that: i) have not been enpirically evaluated and ii) do not account for the different levels of autisn severity. Before designing effective interventions, we need to obtain an eipirical understanding of the aspects that specific user groups need support with. This has not yet been done for web users at the high ends of the autisi spectrui, as often they appear to execute tasks effortlessly, without facing barriers related to their neurodiverse processing style. This paper investigates the accuracy and efficiency with which high-functioning web users with autisi and a control group of neurotypical participants obtain inforiation froi web pages. Measures include answer correctness and a nuiber of eye-tracking features. The results indicate sinilar levels of accuracy for the two groups at the expense of effciency for the autisi group, showing that the autisi group invests iore cognitive effort in order to achieve the saie results as their neurotypical counterparts.


Improving the prediction of page access by using semantically enhanced clustering
Şen, Erman; Toroslu, İsmail Hakkı; Karagöz, Pınar; Department of Computer Engineering (2014)
There are many parameters that may affect the navigation behaviour of web users. Prediction of the potential next page that may be visited by the web user is important, since this information can be used for prefetching or personalization of the page for that user. One of the successful methods for the determination of the next web page is to construct behaviour models of the users by clustering. The success of clustering is highly correlated with similarity measure that is used for calculating the similari...
Predicting Trending Elements on Web Pages Using Eye-Tracking Data
Shekh Khalil , Naziha; Yeşilada, Yeliz; Eraslan, Şükrü; Computer Engineering (2022-8-31)
Eye-tracking data can be used to understand how users interact with web pages and such understanding can be facilitated for different purposes, for example, it can be used to support better accessibility for disabled users or better usability for all users. However, understanding the sequential behavior of a group of users is challenging from eye-tracking data because individual eye movement sequences, i.e. scanpaths, tend to be complicated and different from each other. Previous work proposes an algorithm ...
A domain framework approach offering default relations
Kargı, Ersin Eray; Doğru, Ali Hikmet; Department of Computer Engineering (2005)
In order to use components that are developed for a domain, domain knowledge is required. If the default relations in a domain are offered by a framework, this can be a starting point for the application engineer as an important kind of domain knowledge. A generic design for creating and saving a domain is implemented in this thesis. This approach starts with creating a domain from components and relations among these components. The relations and components are saved once and used several times. In additio...
Explicit Search Result Diversification Using Score and Rank Aggregation Methods
Ozdemiray, Ahmet Murat; Altıngövde, İsmail Sengör (2015-06-01)
Search result diversification is one of the key techniques to cope with the ambiguous and underspecified information needs of web users. In the last few years, strategies that are based on the explicit knowledge of query aspects emerged as highly effective ways of diversifying search results. Our contributions in this article are two-fold. First, we extensively evaluate the performance of a state-of-the-art explicit diversification strategy and pin-point its potential weaknesses. We propose basic yet novel ...
Physical pain in user-product interaction
Dikdur, Ezgi; Sonneveld, Marieke; Pedgley, Owaın Francıs; Department of Industrial Design (2011)
The main focus of the multidisciplinary nature of design is to provide users a better life in terms of enabling the products to be safe, usable and pleasurable to use. Therefore, physical pain is always avoided. However, physical pain is involved in our daily lives, not only as an avoided concept, but also as a constructive concept. It is used for functional or hedonic purposes; whether consciously or not. The focus in this research is exploring these ‘used’ pains, and their relations to product design; in ...
Citation Formats
V. Yaneva, L. A. Ha, S. Eraslan, and Y. Yesilada, “Adults with High-functioning Autism Process Web Pages With Similar Accuracy but Higher Cognitive Effort Compared to Controls,” 2019, p. 0, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: