Raw material characteristics and technological properties of some medieval glazed ceramics and tiles in Anatolia

Demirci, S
Caner-Saltik, EN
Turkmenoglu, A
Ozcilingir-Akgun, S
Bakirer, O
Byzantine and Seljuk cultures are two important overlapping periods in Anatolia during medieval times. Both cultures had special significance in the production of glazed pottery. In architecture, Seljuk culture had further expanded the use of ceramics as glazed tiles in the buildings. The Seljuk glazed tiles were mainly of mosaic and plain tile types. Only monochrome opaque turquoise and monochrome transparent violet-black coloured tiles were examined in this study. The pottery pieces studied represent the deep bowls with fine sgrafitto decorations coming from three archaeological sites namely Ephesus-Byzantine, Iznik-mixed and Korucutepe-Seljuk sites. The potsherds and tiles were analysed to determine the characteristics of body, slip and glaze parts in terms of raw materials composition and firing temperature using various analytical techniques. In addition, the physical properties and the ultrasonic velocity values of the body parts were examined. The results show that tiles are more porous, less dense and have lower ultrasonic velocity values than those of pottery bodies. Tile bodies have moderately vitrified matrix with large sized (similar to500 mum) particles of quartz added as temper and composed of low-calcareous clay. Temper aggregates do not seem to be used in the potteries.In the tiles, there is no slip between glaze and the body. Monochrome black glaze is alkaline glaze. Manganese and iron are the efficient elements in the development of violet-black tones. The monochrome turquoise glaze is tin-opacified lead-alkali glaze, copper being the efficient element in turquoise colour. The potteries were all glazed over a slip having an illitic clay composition together with quartz. Potteries from Ephesus Byzantine site are high lead glazes, while the ones from Korucutepe Seljuk site are lead alkali glazes. Iron is the efficient element in the colouring of yellow, honey and brown coloured glazes while iron and copper are the efficient elements in the colouring of green glazes.


Temple states of Pontus: Comana Pontica and Zela
Sökmen, Emine; Erciyas, Deniz Burcu; Department of Settlement Archaeology (2005)
Before the Roman rule in Asia Minor, under the Hellenistic kings, small communities lived independently within areas surrounding temples with local powers. The temple held together and ruled these communities. Under the Romans these communities were brought and united to form cities in order to govern them by a central power and to take advantage of their unified work force. These communities served the Temple providing it necessary resources to function and provided themselves protection under sacred power...
Structural analysis, evaluation and strengthening of the temple of Augustus in Ankara
Uçak, Burak; Türer, Ahmet; Department of Civil Engineering (2016)
The temple of Augustus in Ankara has stood as a keeper and witness of the region’s historical past for hundreds of years from the time of Galatians and Romans. Bearer of the sign of ancient times not only as carved on its walls but also with its architectural and structural features, this monument now is in the need of engineering intervention to cope with the risk of collapse. Consequently, its structural behavior was analyzed using nonlinear discrete element modeling and linear finite element modeling and...
Assesing the Usage of Calcium and Magnesium Hydroxide Nanoparticles as Consolidant for Dolostones.
Karahan Dağ, Fulya; Tavukçuoğlu, Ayşe (2018-12-01)
Dolostone has been abundantly used in the construction of monuments during archaeological periods in Anatolia. Several of those monuments have some decay problems to be assessed and need conservation treatments to be developed. In the study, it was aimed to prepare a nanodispersive solution from the dolostone itself and follow its carbonation mineral phases in order to obtain a compatible consolidation treatment for dolostone. A mixture of calcium and magnesium hydroxide nanodispersive solution in ethyl alc...
New Or Transformed: Design Approaches Of Antakya Houses In The French Mandate Period
Rifaioğlu, Mert Nezih (Middle East Technical University Faculty of Architecture, 2021-12-01)
Antakya, known as Antioch during the ancient period, has been inhabited continuously and formed/re-formed and transformed from antiquity to the present by different cultures and empires. It had an organic city form organized with culs-de-sac towards the end of the Ottoman Period. Previous research particularly conducted on its multi-layered urban identity together with on certain buildings from antiquity focuses on the study of the architecture that formed throughout the Ottoman period until it ended. On th...
Procreation, family and 'progress': Administrative and economic aspects of Ottoman population policies in the 19th century
Dursun, Selçuk (Informa UK Limited, 2011-06-15)
The making of the modern Ottoman state in the 19th century was closely interrelated with population issues and policies. 'Population' became an important component of Ottoman history throughout the 19th and early 20th centuries. As the state identified the 'population' as a source of income after the Tanzimat, it tried to protect and procreate it through certain institutional arrangements and regulations. These policies consisted of protecting the existing population, controlling population movements, promo...
Citation Formats
S. Demirci, E. Caner-Saltik, A. Turkmenoglu, S. Ozcilingir-Akgun, and O. Bakirer, “Raw material characteristics and technological properties of some medieval glazed ceramics and tiles in Anatolia,” EURO CERAMICS VIII, PTS 1-3, pp. 2395–2398, 2004, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/68157.