Antiproton Flux, Antiproton-to-Proton Flux Ratio, and Properties of Elementary Particle Fluxes in Primary Cosmic Rays Measured with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station

Aguilar, M.
Alpat, B.
Alpat, B.
Ambrosi, G.
Arruda, L.
Attig, N.
Aupetit, S.
Azzarello, P.
Bachlechner, A.
Barao, F.
Barrau, A.
Barrin, L.
Bartoloni, A.
Basara, L.
Basegmez-du Pree, S.
Battarbee, M.
Battiston, R.
Bazo, J.
Becker, U.
Behlmann, M.
Beischer, B.
Berdugo, J.
Bertucci, B.
Bindi, V.
Boella, G.
de Boer, W.
Bollweg, K.
Bonnivard, V.
Borgia, B.
Boschini, M. J.
Bourquin, M.
Bueno, E. F.
Burger, J.
Cadoux, F.
Cai, X. D.
Capell, M.
Caroff, S.
Casaus, J.
Castellini, G.
Cernuda, I.
Cervelli, F.
Chae, M. J.
Chang, Y. H.
Chen, A. I.
Chen, G. M.
Chen, H. S.
Cheng, L.
Chou, H. Y.
Choumilov, E.
Choutko, V.
Chung, C. H.
Clark, C.
Clavero, R.
Coignet, G.
Consolandi, C.
Contin, A.
Corti, C.
Coste, B.
Creus, W.
Crispoltoni, M.
Cui, Z.
Dai, Y. M.
Delgado, C.
Della Torre, S.
Demirköz, Melahat Bilge
Derome, L.
Di Falco, S.
Dimiccoli, F.
Diaz, C.
von Doetinchem, P.
Dong, F.
Donnini, F.
Duranti, M.
D'Urso, D.
Egorov, A.
Eline, A.
Eronen, T.
Feng, J.
Fiandrini, E.
Finch, E.
Fisher, P.
Formato, V.
Galaktionov, Y.
Gallucci, G.
Garcia, B.
Garcia-Lopez, R. J.
Gargiulo, C.
Gast, H.
Gebauer, I.
Gervasi, M.
Ghelfi, A.
Giovacchini, F.
Goglov, P.
Gomez-Coral, D. M.
Gong, J.
Goy, C.
Grabski, V.
Grandi, D.
Graziani, M.
Guerri, I.
Guo, K. H.
Habiby, M.
Haino, S.
Han, K. C.
He, Z. H.
Heil, M.
Hoffman, J.
Hsieh, T. H.
Huang, H.
Huang, Z. C.
Huh, C.
Incagli, M.
Ionica, M.
Jang, W. Y.
Jinchi, H.
Kang, S. C.
Kanishev, K.
Kim, G. N.
Kim, K. S.
Kirn, Th.
Konak, C.
Kounina, O.
Kounine, A.
Koutsenko, V.
Krafczyk, M. S.
La Vacca, G.
Laudi, E.
Laurenti, G.
Lazzizzera, I.
Lebedev, A.
Lee, H. T.
Lee, S. C.
Leluc, C.
Li, H. S.
Li, J. Q.
Li, J. Q.
Li, Q.
Li, T. X.
Li, W.
Li, Z. H.
Li, Z. Y.
Lim, S.
Lin, C. H.
Lipari, P.
Lippert, T.
Liu, D.
Liu, Hu
Lu, S. Q.
Lu, Y. S.
Luebelsmeyer, K.
Luo, F.
Luo, J. Z.
Lv, S. S.
Majka, R.
Mana, C.
Marin, J.
Martin, T.
Martinez, G.
Masi, N.
Maurin, D.
Menchaca-Rocha, A.
Meng, Q.
Mo, D. C.
Morescalchi, L.
Mott, P.
Nelson, T.
Ni, J. Q.
Nikonov, N.
Nozzoli, F.
Nunes, P.
Oliva, A.
Orcinha, M.
Palmonari, F.
Palomares, C.
Paniccia, M.
Pauluzzi, M.
Pensotti, S.
Pereira, R.
Picot-Clemente, N.
Pilo, F.
Pizzolotto, C.
Plyaskin, V.
Pohl, M.
Poireau, V.
Putze, A.
Quadrani, L.
Qi, X. M.
Qin, X.
Qu, Z. Y.
Raiha, T.
Rancoita, P. G.
Rapin, D.
Ricol, J. S.
Rodriguez, I.
Rosier-Lees, S.
Rozhkov, A.
Rozza, D.
Sagdeev, R.
Sandweiss, J.
Saouter, P.
Schael, S.
Schmidt, S. M.
von Dratzig, A. Schulz
Schwering, G.
Seo, E. S.
Shan, B. S.
Shi, J. Y.
Siedenburg, T.
Son, D.
Song, J. W.
Sun, W. H.
Tacconi, M.
Tang, X. W.
Tang, Z. C.
Tao, L.
Tescaro, D.
Ting, Samuel C. C.
Ting, S. M.
Tomassetti, N.
Torsti, J.
Turkoglu, C.
Urban, T.
Vagelli, V.
Valente, E.
Vannini, C.
Valtonen, E.
Acosta, M. Vazquez
Vecchi, M.
Velasco, M.
Vialle, J. P.
Vitale, V.
Vitillo, S.
Wang, L. Q.
Wang, N. H.
Wang, Q. L.
Wang, X.
Wang, X. Q.
Wang, Z. X.
Wei, C. C.
Weng, Z. L.
Whitman, K.
Wienkenhover, J.
Willenbrock, M.
Wu, H.
Wu, X.
Xia, X.
Xiong, R. Q.
Xu, W.
Yan, Q.
Yang, J.
Yang, M.
Yang, Y.
Yi, H.
Yu, Y. J.
Yu, Z. Q.
Zeissler, S.
Zhang, C.
Zhang, J.
Zhang, J. H.
Zhang, S. D.
Zhang, S. W.
Zhang, Z.
Zheng, Z. M.
Zhu, Z. Q.
Zhuang, H. L.
Zhukov, V.
Zichichi, A.
Zimmermann, N.
Zuccon, P.
A precision measurement by AMS of the antiproton flux and the antiproton-to-proton flux ratio in primary cosmic rays in the absolute rigidity range from 1 to 450 GV is presented based on 3.49 x 10(5) antiproton events and 2.42 x 10(9) proton events. The fluxes and flux ratios of charged elementary particles in cosmic rays are also presented. In the absolute rigidity range similar to 60 to similar to 500 GV, the antiproton (p) over bar, proton p, and positron e(+) fluxes are found to have nearly identical rigidity dependence and the electron e(-) flux exhibits a different rigidity dependence. Below 60 GV, the ((p) over bar /p), ((p) over bar /e(+)), and (p/e(+)) flux ratios each reaches a maximum. From similar to 60 to similar to 500 GV, the ((p) over bar /p), ((p) over bar /e(+)), and (p/e(+)) flux ratios show no rigidity dependence. These are new observations of the properties of elementary particles in the cosmos.


Excitation intensity- and temperature-dependent photoluminescence in layered structured Tl2GaInSe2S2 crystals
Hasanlı, Nızamı (AIP Publishing, 2013-02-21)
Photoluminescence spectra of Tl2GaInSe2S2 layered crystals have been registered in the temperature range of 17-62 K and in the wavelength region of 525-690 nm. A broad visible photoluminescence band centered at 590 nm (2.10 eV) was observed at T 17 K. Variation of emission band has been studied as a function of laser excitation intensity in the 0.1-55.7 mW cm(-2) range. The analysis of the spectra reveals that the peak energy position changes with excitation intensity (blue shift). The radiative transitions...
First Result from the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station: Precision Measurement of the Positron Fraction in Primary Cosmic Rays of 0.5-350 GeV
Aguilar, M.; et. al. (American Physical Society (APS), 2013-04-03)
A precision measurement by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station of the positron fraction in primary cosmic rays in the energy range from 0.5 to 350 GeV based on 6.8 x 10(6) positron and electron events is presented. The very accurate data show that the positron fraction is steadily increasing from 10 to similar to 250 GeV, but, from 20 to 250 GeV, the slope decreases by an order of magnitude. The positron fraction spectrum shows no fine structure, and the positron to electron r...
Precision Measurement of the (e(+) + e(-)) Flux in Primary Cosmic Rays from 0.5 GeV to 1 TeV with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station
Aguilar, M.; et. al. (American Physical Society (APS), 2014-11-26)
We present a measurement of the cosmic ray (e(+) + e(-)) flux in the range 0.5 GeV to 1 TeV based on the analysis of 10.6 million (e(+) + e(-)) events collected by AMS. The statistics and the resolution of AMS provide a precision measurement of the flux. The flux is smooth and reveals new and distinct information. Above 30.2 GeV, the flux can be described by a single power law with a spectral index gamma = -3.170 +/- 0.008(stat + syst) +/- 0.008(energy scale).
Properties of Neon, Magnesium, and Silicon Primary Cosmic Rays Results from the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer
Aguilar, M.; et. al. (American Physical Society (APS), 2020-05-29)
We report the observation of new properties of primary cosmic rays, neon (Ne), magnesium (Mg), and silicon (Si), measured in the rigidity range 2.15 GV to 3.0 TV with 1.8 x 10(6) Ne, 2.2 x 10(6) Mg, and 1.6 x 10(6) Si nuclei collected by the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer experiment on the International Space Station. The Ne and Mg spectra have identical rigidity dependence above 3.65 GV. The three spectra have identical rigidity dependence above 86.5 GV, deviate from a single power law above 200 GV, and harde...
Photovoltaic Effect and Space Charge Limited Current Analysis in TlGaTe2 Crystals
QASRAWI, ATEF FAYEZ HASAN; Yaseen, T. R.; Eghbariy, B.; Hasanlı, Nızamı (Institute of Physics, Polish Academy of Sciences, 2012-07-01)
Anisotropic space charge limited current density analysis and photovoltaic effect in TlGaTe2 single crystals has been investigated. It is shown that, above 330 K, the crystal exhibits intrinsic and extrinsic type of conductivity along (c-axis) and perpendicular (a-axis) to the crystal's axis, respectively. The current density (J) is found to be space charge limited. It is proportional to the square and three halves power of voltage (V) along the a- and c-axis, respectively. Along the a-axis and at sufficien...
Citation Formats
M. Aguilar et al., “Antiproton Flux, Antiproton-to-Proton Flux Ratio, and Properties of Elementary Particle Fluxes in Primary Cosmic Rays Measured with the Alpha Magnetic Spectrometer on the International Space Station,” PHYSICAL REVIEW LETTERS, pp. 0–0, 2016, Accessed: 00, 2020. [Online]. Available: