Effect of High-Density Nanoparticles on Recrystallization and Texture Evolution in Ferritic Alloys

Aydoğan Güngör, Eda
Carvajal-Nunez, Ursula
Vogel, Sven C.
Li, Meimei
Maloy, Stuart A.
Ferritic alloys are important for nuclear reactor applications due to their microstructural stability, corrosion resistance, and favorable mechanical properties. Nanostructured ferritic alloys having a high density of Y-Ti-O rich nano-oxides (NOs < 5 nm) are found to be extremely stable at high temperatures up to similar to 1100 degrees C. This study serves to understand the effect of a high density of nano-particles on texture evolution and recrystallization mechanisms in ferritic alloys of 14YWT (14Cr-3W-0.4Ti-0.21Y-Fe wt %) having a high density of nano-particles and dispersion-free FeCrAl (13Cr-5.2Al-0.05Y-2Mo-0.2Si-1Nb wt %). In order to investigate the recrystallization mechanisms in these alloys, neutron diffraction, electron backscattered diffraction, and in situ and ex situ transmission electron microscopy have been utilized. It has been observed that even though the deformation textures of both the 14YWT and FeCrAl alloys evolved similarly, resulting in either the formation (in FeCrAl alloy) or increase (in 14YWT) in gamma-fiber texture, the texture evolution during recrystallization is different. While FeCrAl alloy keeps its gamma-fiber texture after recrystallization, 14YWT samples develop a epsilon-fiber as a result of annealing at 1100 degrees C, which can be attributed to the existence of NOs. In situ transmission electron microscopy annealing experiments on 14YWT show the combination and growth of the lamellar grains rather than nucleation; however, the recrystallization and growth kinetics are slower due to NOs compared to FeCrAl.


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Mechanical characteristics of reactive magnetron sputtered Al2O3-TiO2 multilayer ceramics were studied. Tailored mechanical properties such as moderately high hardness and reasonable toughness were achieved through varying sputtering process parameters resulting in microstructural control at nano-scale. Interchanging Al2O3 and TiO2 layers with a single layer thickness of similar to 65-70 nm were deposited on single crystal alumina (sapphire) substrates to form the multilayer structure composed of 10 layers....
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The photo-excitation effect on the current transport mechanism in TlInS2 crystals has been studied by means of dark and illuminated conductivity measurements. The temperature-dependent electrical conductivity analysis in the temperature region of 110-340 K revealed the domination of the thermionic emission and the thermally assisted variable range hopping (VRH) of charge carriers above and below 160 K, respectively. Above 160 K, the conductivity activation energies in the dark are found to be 0.28 and 0.15 ...
Effect of tube spinning and subsequent heat treatments on strength, microstructure and residual stress state of AISI/SAE type 4140 steel
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In the present study, the effects of deformation percentage (23, 30, 50 and 66%) and subsequent stress relief and tempering heat treatments on the mechanical properties, residual stress state and microstructure of AISI/SAE type 4140 steel tubes manufactured by forward spinning were evaluated. Mechanical properties were determined by means of hardness and tensile tests. The tangential component of the surface residual stresses was determined by a slitting method. Plastic deformation of the metal during spinn...
Effect of self-ion irradiation on the microstructural changes of alloy EK-181 in annealed and severely deformed conditions
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EK-181 is a low-activation ferriticimartensitic steel that is an attractive candidate for in-core component materials for both fast reactors and fusion reactors. To assess the effect of microstructural engineering on radiation response, two variants of EK-181 were studied: one in an annealed condition and the other subject to severe plastic deformation. These specimens were irradiated with 3.5 MeV Fe self-ions up to 400 peak displacements per atom (dpa) at temperatures ranging from 400 degrees C to 500 degr...
Effect of Sm on thermal and mechanical properties of Cu-Zr-Al bulk metallic glasses
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The effect of rare-earth (Sm) microalloying on the thermal stability and phase selection along with the effect of nanocrystallization on the mechanical properties of amorphous melt-spun ribbons of Zr50Cu40Al10, Zr49Cu39.2Al9.8Sm2 and Zr48Cu38.4Al9.6Sm4 alloys were investigated using differential scanning calorimetry (DSC), X-ray diffraction (XRD), transmission electron microscopy (TEM), Vickers and nanoindentation hardness tests and micropillar compression analysis. XRD and TEM analyses showed that all samp...
Citation Formats
E. Aydoğan Güngör, U. Carvajal-Nunez, S. C. Vogel, M. Li, and S. A. Maloy, “Effect of High-Density Nanoparticles on Recrystallization and Texture Evolution in Ferritic Alloys,” CRYSTALS, pp. 0–0, 2019, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/69915.