Reading in Agglutinating Languages: The Role of Morphology on Eye Movements

Deniz, Ozan
Fal, Mehmetcan
Bozkurt, Ufuk
Acartürk, Cengiz
The agglutinative morphology of Turkic languages (e.g., Turkish, Uyghur) provides an appropriate basis to study the role of complex morphological structures on eye-movement patterns in reading. We examined the influence of morphological complexity on a set of eye-movement parameters while controlling linguistic parameters, such as word length, word frequency and initial letter-bigram frequencies of a set of target words. Three sevenletter, target-word conditions (root, single-suffixed, double-suffixed) were designed while controlling the frequency of the target words, the initial letter-bigrams of the target words, as well as the sentence frame prior to and one-word posterior to the target words. The experiment with 45 Turkish native speakers revealed significant relationships among LS (Launch Site) on the pre-target word n-1, FLP (Fixation Landing Position) on the target word n, Launch Site (LS) on n, and FLP on the post-target word n+1. As for the first fixation durations (FFD) on the target word, both launch site (X2(1) = 12.22, p<0.001) and morphological structure (X2(1)= 5.32, p=0.02) had a significant influence on FFD. In particular, morphologically complex target words resulted in multiple fixations on the first-pass reading of n, which also led to shorter FFD on n.
18th European Conference on Eye Movements (2015)


Single exponent in l1 multiple exponents in l2: consequences for l2
Kurumlu, Zehra; Gracanın Yüksek, Martına; Department of English Language Teaching (2013)
The thesis hypothesized that when an exponent of a linguistic concept in the native language maps onto several different exponents in the target language, learners have difficulty when acquiring those structures in the target language. By contrast, when an exponent of a linguistic concept in the native language and its counterpart in the target language stand in a one-to-one correspondence, the possibility of making errors decreases to a considerable extent. In order to test this hypothesis, I examined thre...
Morphological processing in developing readers: a psycholinguistic study on Turkish primary school children
Uğuz, Enis; Kırkıcı, Bilal; Department of English Literature (2018)
The processing of morphologically complex words has been studies in many languages, leading to a variety of theoretical accounts. While dual-route models advocate two distinct mechanisms for word processing, single route models suggest a single mechanism. Contrasting findings as well as the different interpretations of the same results have kept the advocators of both accounts searching for a solid and undisputable justification for their views. This thesis investigated the early stages of morphological pro...
Discourse Information Structure : a cognitive approach to language based on dynamic network representation
Öter, Fırat; Temürcü, Ceyhan; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2015)
The historical course of linguistics studies with an emphasis on meaning points out the requirement of a representational framework that is capable of forming a structure building bridge between the linguistic (i.e. symbolic) and cognitive (i.e. conceptual) levels. The present thesis aims to lay down some conditions for a comprehensive semantic theory, which is capable of representing all relevant levels of cognitive information involved in semantic processing. This attempt will give rise to a new, suggesti...
English language teaching and language teacher education in Turkey- An Evolutionary Overview
Balbay, Seher (2021-10-01)
This study provides a much-needed socio-political perspective on language teaching in Turkey and identifies key influences and orthodoxies past and present and their impact on current practices of language learning. The researchers provide a refreshing critique of successive cycles of policies and how they have variously sought to secure starting with imperial, nationalist, and contemporary populist ambitions of language teaching in the classroom and beyond. Almost 150 years of such efforts have frequently ...
Eye movement control in Persian: a corpus-analytic approach
Soleymani, Fatemeh; Acartürk, Cengiz; Department of Cognitive Sciences (2018)
In the Latin script languages, specifically the English language, there exist studies on the eye movements’ pattern during reading. Thus, this study was conducted in order to investigate eye movement patterns in Persian. From these sentences, taken from the Bijankhan Persian Corpus, a number of eye movement measures were analyzed. The eye movement measures were first fixation landing position, first fixation duration, gaze duration, first run fixation count, regression in count, and regression out count. Th...
Citation Formats
O. Deniz, M. Fal, U. Bozkurt, and C. Acartürk, “Reading in Agglutinating Languages: The Role of Morphology on Eye Movements,” Viyana, Avusturya, 2015, p. 112, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: