Subjects' manipulation of knowledge of results (KR) can mimic the summary KR effect

Kirazcı, Sadettin
Fazey, J.a.


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3D virtual worlds are emerging distance education technologies that offer collaborative learning environments and provide effective ways to apply task-based activities. The aim of this case study was to examine the contribution of task-based language learning in 3D virtual worlds to speak English as a foreign language among university preparatory class students in terms of anxiety, motivation, and self-confidence. Therefore, different English speaking practice tasks/activities were designed in Second Life. ...
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What makes an individual, or as the initial motivation of this study, a pilot, perform above the average in a complex task where speed is the primary concern? The answer of this question is closely related to the task and the individual in the task environment. It is plausible to model such a task by mapping it to responding to several stimuli (cues) that are related to a environmental variable (criterion). This model actually corresponds to a judgment analysis paradigm, studied extensively in the literatur...
Citation Formats
S. Kirazcı and J. a. Fazey, “Subjects’ manipulation of knowledge of results (KR) can mimic the summary KR effect,” 1996, vol. 14, p. 34, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: