Coping Styles of Older Adults

2019-04-27
Durak, Mithat
Şenol Durak, Emre
Doğan, Aysun
Halisçelik, Aziziye
Alpay, Figen
Özkan, Türker
The life changes and developmental changes experienced by older adults require older adults to use different coping skills. The aim of the present study is to investigate the differences between gender and residence types on the coping styles of older adults. It is hypothesized that older men use active coping styles more than older women, and older women use passive coping styles more than older men. However, these main effects were qualified by an interaction with the residence type. With voluntary participation and confidentiality principles, the data was collected from 1770 older adults living either at home or nursing home in different cities around Turkey. Socio-demographic form and Ways of Coping Questionnaire were asked participants to answer. According to the results of two-way ANOVA, the older men reported higher planful problem solving, keep to self, escape/avoidance, and accepting responsibility than older women, whereas older women reported higher seeking refuge in fate and seeking supernatural forces than men. On the other hand, the older adults residing at their home reported higher planful problem solving and seeking social support than the older adults residing at a nursing home, whereas the older adults residing at a nursing home reported higher keep to self, escape/avoidance, accepting responsibility, and seeking refuge in fate than the older adults residing at their home. Moreover, the main effects were qualified by an interaction between gender and residence type for keep to self, escape/avoidance, accepting responsibility and seeking refuge in supernatural forces. Results were discussed in accordance with gender and living place interaction in advanced years.
Citation Formats
M. Durak, E. Şenol Durak, A. Doğan, A. Halisçelik, F. Alpay, and T. Özkan, “Coping Styles of Older Adults,” Gaziantep, Türkiye, 2019, p. 773, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://www.multicongress.net/.