An Investigation on Conceptions of Freedom and Right

Freedom and right are the concepts that constitute the ground of legal and moral sides of our social lives. When we look at the history of thought, it seems that they are examined in many aspects. However, when we think on them more deeply, we can recognize that it is not clear enough in what aspects these concepts differ from each other. That is, although they are defined differ-ently, when their usage considered, it will be noticed that in many cases, they are used interchangeably. For example, in the Turkish Constitution of 1982, they are used as “fundamental rights and freedoms” referring two different con-cepts. However, in his study, in which the difference between the concept of right and freedom is discussed, considering the usage of these concepts within the Constitution of 1982, Prof. Dr. Kemal Gözler claims that “In terms of our positive law, it is not possible to make a distinction between the concept of right and freedom”1 Within another study, it is claimed that “freedom is the common root of all rights, right requires the freedom. If an individual is not free, then right cannot make a sens”. However, I think there is no such a hierarchical relation between freedom and right. For example, although he is deprived of physical freedom, a person sentenced to prison also has some rights. At this point, it becomes the matter of question what is understood by the concept of “freedom”, that is, the different definitions of freedom become as the main issue. Freedom, in general, is defined as thinking or acting without any prevention, limitation and forcing from outside. Hobbes claims unlimited freedom, which people have before so-cial contract, in fact, is equals to the having no freedom, and such an unlimited freedom provides no advantages within the social life. However, some other philosophers, such as Rousseau, Kant, make a distinction between the nega-tive and positive meaning of freedom, and they claim it is the positive meaning of the freedom that reveals the moral side of human beings. They emphasize the importance and indispensability of freedom for an individual. In this study, by examining the complex relation between the mutually intertwined concepts of right and freedom, I try to clarify in what aspects they differ from each other.
International Congress on Intercultural Dialogue and Education: Human Beings, Society, Intercultural Dialogue and Education at the Beginnings of the 21st Century, (8 - 11 Ekim 2009)


A Search for the foundations of natural law
Tunçay, Serkan; Ergüden, Akın; Department of Philosophy (2002)
The present thesis analyzes the relationship between law and morality in a historical context and will attempt to present that there is a necessary connection between two spheres. Historical developments of the idea of natural law will be traced in the first three chapters of the thesis in order to present the necessary relationship between the sphere of legality and that of morality. In the fourth chapter the arguments of positivist theories against to natural law theory will be discussed. In the last chap...
Moral justification of private property
Atalay, Mert; Parkan, Barış; Department of Philosophy (2018)
In this thesis, I aim at drawing out the moral implications of private property by examining its relationships with some core moral concepts, such as rights, freedom and privacy. Dealing with these relationships, I believe that I am able to reveal the fundamental principle of a practical morality, which is ‘appropriation’. With respect to this principle, I argue that private property’s connection to morality requires the perspective of the appropriation of values. The appropriation of values is my own readi...
In search of free will
Küpcü Yoldaş, Aybüke; Sayan, Erdinç; Department of Philosophy (2010)
Free will is a paramount concept that is central to our everyday lives, society and moral judgements. In this thesis, I search for the conditions under which free will can exist. This is done in relation to two topics: determinism and agency. Finally, I also explore the relation between free will and several social and philosophical concepts, and discuss briefly what would be the case if there were no free will.
Dangers of morality and the rationality of the desire for perpetual peace
Yıldırım, Erdoğan (2006-03-01)
This article tries to discuss the potential dangers of proposing a world order in the form of the morally based idea of perceptual peace as it is developed by Kant and further propagated by Habermas and Derrida. Drawing on a distinction between the Kantian idea of morality (Moralitat) attributed to the internality of man via its theological connection with god and an idea of ethics akin to Aristotelian and/or Hegelian notions (ethos or ethical life - Sittlichkeit), the article posits the question of the rol...
Arendt and Marx on the relation between labor and freedom /
Uğur, Mesude; Parkan, Barış; Department of Philosophy (2014)
The aim of this study is to examine the relation between labor and freedom in the philosophy of Arendt which is in contrast to the relation between labor and freedom in the philosophy of Marx. My first motivation for comparing the relation between labor and freedom in the philosophies of Arendt and Marx is to understand whether labor is a form of slavery or freedom. And secondly, I try to understand whether Arendt’s conception of freedom which opposes freedom to labor, thereby excluding the relation between...
Citation Formats
S. Aydın Bayram, “An Investigation on Conceptions of Freedom and Right,” presented at the International Congress on Intercultural Dialogue and Education: Human Beings, Society, Intercultural Dialogue and Education at the Beginnings of the 21st Century, (8 - 11 Ekim 2009), Uludağ University, Bursa, Turkey, 2009, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: