The Black Sea zooplankton: Composition, spatial/temporal distribution and history of investigations

Kovalev, A V
Skryabın, V A
Zagorodnyaya, Yu A
Bingel, Ferit
Kıdeyş, Ahmet Erkan
Nıermann, U
Uysal, Zahit
Investigations into the composition, spatial and temporal distribution of the Black Sea zooplankton were reviewed in context with its historical development. The review comprises the main zooplankton studies published by the riparian countries of the Black Sea beginning with the earliest faunistic publications in the 1860s and 1870s up to the recent multinational ecosystem investigations carried out within the framework of the NATO-TU-Black Sea Project. The reviewed material covers a wide subject range of zooplankton investigations from descriptive studies to distribution and the production mechanisms in the ecosystem. The main findings of recently performed large scale investigations into the horizontal and vertical distribution of zooplankton were also summarized and short and long term fluctuations in the composition and biomass were also analysed. Additionally, the influences of natural and anthropogenic factors on these changes were discussed and problem areas to be investigated in future were underlined.
Turkish Journal Of Zoology


A review of zooplankton investigations of the Black Sea over the last decade
Kıdeyş, Ahmet Erkan; Shulman, G; Gordina, A; Bingel, F (2000-03-01)
Investigations performed in the last decade indicate that there have been important changes in the zooplankton composition and structure in the Black Sea. However, contrasting events taking place in different regions of the Black Sea indicate a non-uniform structure of its ecosystem.
The diel vertical distribution of zooplankton in the southeast Black Sea
Erkan, F.; Gücü, Ali Cemal; Zagorodnyaya, J. (2000-01-01)
The diel changes in the vertical distribution of zooplankton in the southeast Black Sea were described in this study. The zooplankton were sampled using two different sampling methods throughout one day in October 1996 and July 1997 at the same station. The zooplankton counts, the length measurements and biomass estimates showed that the zooplankton in the southeast Black Sea is dominated by small organisms, among which Noctiluca scintillans is the dominant species. In the vertical distribution of zooplankt...
Interannual variability of the early summer coccolithophore blooms in the Black Sea: impacts of climatic factors
Cokacar, T; Oguz, T; Kubilay, N (2003-08-06)
Interannual variability of the early summer (May-June) coccolithophore blooms within surface waters of the Black Sea was studied by means of satellite-based bio-optical observations. The performance of two coccolithophore detection algorithms were tested for Black Sea conditions, and were found to provide comparable spatial patterns consistent with the corresponding true color images. An analysis of six, year-long OCTS and SeaWiFS imagery from 1997 onwards points to the presence of a major phytoplankton blo...
The use of back trajectory cluster analysis with PM2.5 composition at the eastern black sea of Turkey
Balcılar, İlker; Zararsız, Abdullah; Doğan, Güray; Tuncel, Süleyman Gürdal (2017-11-04)
In this study, the influence of synoptic-scale atmospheric transport patterns on observed levels of trace elements at Eastern Black Sea region of Turkey was examined. Daily PM2.5 samples were collected at station (40°32’34”N, 39°16’57”E) on the Eastern Black Sea region of Turkey and collected samples were analyzed with ICP-MS for trace element composition. Five-day long back trajectories for March 2011 to December 2013 were calculated for 3 different arrival heights, 100m, 500m and 1500m, and combination of...
Seasonal Changes in the Composition and Abundance ofZooplankton in the Seas of the Mediterranean Basin
Kovalev, Av; Mazzocchı, Mg; Toklu Alıçlı, Benin; Skryabın, Va; Kıdeyş, Ahmet Erkan (2003-01-01)
Seasonal changes in the composition, abundance and biomass of zooplankton in the seas of the Mediterranean basin (the Mediterranean, Black and Azov seas) have been reviewed using our own data and data from the literature. In the deep-water central regions of the seas, the seasonal cycle of zooplankton abundance is characterised by one maximum occurring in spring or summer. In the coastal regions, two to three peaks (spring, summer and autumn) exist for the zooplankton abundance. The amplitude of seasonal fl...
Citation Formats
A. V. Kovalev et al., “The Black Sea zooplankton: Composition, spatial/temporal distribution and history of investigations,” Turkish Journal Of Zoology, pp. 195–209, 1999, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: