Genetic divergence and evolution of reproductive isolation in eastern mediterranean water frogs

2010-01-01
Plötner, Jörg
Uzzel, Thomas
Beerli, Peter
Akın Pekşen, Çiğdem
Bilgin, Cemal Can
Haefeli, Cornelia
Ohst, Torsten
Köhler, Frank
Schreiber, Robert
Guex, Gaston
Litvinchuk, Sn
Westeway, Rob
Reyer, Heinzulrich
Hotz, Hansjürg
Water frogs [genus Pelophylax (Rana)] that occur around the eastern Mediterranean Sea provide an opportunity to study early stages of speciation. The geography of the eastern Mediterranean region has changed dramatically since the Middle Miocene as a result of motions of adjoining lithospheric plates and regional-scale vertical crustal motions (uplift and subsidence). For several hundred thousand years between 6 and 5 million years ago (Mya), the Mediterranean basin was isolated from the Atlantic Ocean, and became desiccated (the Messinian Salinity Crisis; MSC). Geological data suggest that the endemic water frog lineage on Cyprus was isolated by the flooding of the Mediterranean basin by salt water at the end of the MSC, circa 5.5–5.3 Mya.

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Citation Formats
J. Plötner et al., Genetic divergence and evolution of reproductive isolation in eastern mediterranean water frogs. 2010, p. 403.