Genetic divergence and evolution of reproductive isolation in eastern mediterranean water frogs

Plötner, Jörg
Uzzel, Thomas
Beerli, Peter
Akın Pekşen, Çiğdem
Bilgin, Cemal Can
Haefeli, Cornelia
Ohst, Torsten
Köhler, Frank
Schreiber, Robert
Guex, Gaston
Litvinchuk, Sn
Westeway, Rob
Reyer, Heinzulrich
Hotz, Hansjürg
Water frogs [genus Pelophylax (Rana)] that occur around the eastern Mediterranean Sea provide an opportunity to study early stages of speciation. The geography of the eastern Mediterranean region has changed dramatically since the Middle Miocene as a result of motions of adjoining lithospheric plates and regional-scale vertical crustal motions (uplift and subsidence). For several hundred thousand years between 6 and 5 million years ago (Mya), the Mediterranean basin was isolated from the Atlantic Ocean, and became desiccated (the Messinian Salinity Crisis; MSC). Geological data suggest that the endemic water frog lineage on Cyprus was isolated by the flooding of the Mediterranean basin by salt water at the end of the MSC, circa 5.5–5.3 Mya.


Genetic evidence for human-mediated introduction of Anatolian water frogs (Pelophylax cf. bedriagae) to Cyprus (Amphibia: Ranidae)
Plötner, Jörg; Akın Pekşen, Çiğdem; Baier, Felix; Uzzell, Thomas; Bilgin, Cemal Can (2015-03-01)
e found in two water frogs captured in Cyprus, the distribution area of P. cypriensis, nuclear alleles and mitochondrial haplotypes that are characteristic of An-atolian water frogs, Pelophylax cf. bedriagae. Mitochondrial and nuclear DNA data strongly indicate that the ancestors of these two frogs did not arrive on Cyprus via a land bridge or overseas dispersal but were unintentionally introduced by humans, most probably together with carp fingerlings. Both individuals exhibited recombined nuclear genomes ...
Genetic data reveal that water frogs of Cyprus (genus Pelophylax) are an endemic species of Messinian origin
Ploetner, Joerg; Baier, Felix; Akın, Cıgdem; Mazepa, Glib; Schreiber, Robert; Beerli, Peter; Lıtvınchuk, Spartak N.; Bilgin, Cemal Can; Borkin, Leo; Uzzell, Thomas (2012-10-01)
Water frogs inhabiting Cyprus represent a distinct evolutionary species of Messinian origin that is formally described in this paper. The systematic status of Cypriot frogs is evidenced by specific characters in their mitochondrial (mt) and nuclear (nu) DNA sequences, and the fact that they form a well supported monophyletic clade in both mtDNA and nuDNA phylogenies. While genetic data revealed clear and reproducible differences between this new taxon and all other western Palearctic water frog species incl...
Molecular evolution and phylogeography of the eastern mediterranean water frog (pelophylax) complex
Akın Pekşen, Çiğdem; Bilgin, Cemal Can; Plötner, Jörg; Department of Biology (2015)
Water frogs (genus Pelophylax) in the eastern Mediterranean region represent a genetically and phylogenetically diverse group. Their dependence on freshwater habitats makes them highly sensitive to geological and climatic changes. Thus they are an ideal group to study the effect of past geological processes on molecular evolution of protein-coding and non-coding genes on the genome and on patterns of phylogeography in the eastern Mediterranean region. In the first study, the complete sequence of water frog ...
Genetic structure of black pine (Pinus nigra ARNOLD subspecies pallasiana) populations sampled from the Bolkar Mountains
Tolun, AA; Velioğlu, E; Çengel, Burcu N; Kaya, Zeki (2000-01-01)
In order to determine the magnitude and pattern of genetic diversity among Anatolian Black pine (Pinus nigra ARNOLD subspecies pallasiana) populations sampled in Bolkar Mountains and to recommend the potential populations which may be suitable for in situ conservation of genetic resources in this species, isoenzymes from 14 enzyme systems were investigated by starch gel electrophoresis. For this reason, open pollinated seed megagametophytes of half-sib families originated from the four populations (Camliyay...
Genetic diversity pattern in Populus Nigra populations of two major river systems in Turkey
Çiftçi, Asiy; Kaya, Zeki; Department of Biology (2019)
European black poplar (Populus nigra L.) is an important tree species in terms of social, economic and ecological interest in Turkey. Although, poplar plantations in large areas meet the needs of the economy, the natural genetic resources of the species have been highly degraded due to anthropogenic effects and natural biological events. To assess genetic diversity structure of natural populations, 124 naturally distributed European black poplar trees from two major rivers (Kızılırmak and Göksu) in Turkey w...
Citation Formats
J. Plötner et al., Genetic divergence and evolution of reproductive isolation in eastern mediterranean water frogs. 2010, p. 403.