Rationales for Regional Internationalization between Turkey and the Balkans

2013-09-10
This study aims to explore the rationales/reasons of Balkan students in choosing Turkey as a higher education destination for studying abroad. Internationalization is one of the key concerns of scholars and policy makers in higher education. Although internationalization in higher education is conceptualized as an outcome of globalization, it is a multi-dimensional process and it is as old as the history of higher education organization (Enders, 2004). Academic, cultural, political, social, and economic rationales explain the extensive interest of higher education organization in internationalization (Knight, 1999). Hence, almost every higher education organization has been involved in one or another version of internationalization in higher education. Accordingly, higher education organizations are commonly obliged to adapt their processes according to the requirements of internationalization. Conceptualization of internationalization in higher education, its development trends, strategies, and rationales behind it have been widely discussed by several scholars (Knight, 1997, 1999; van der Wende, 1997; Zha, 2003). These discussions handle internationalization as an issue of economically developed countries. Besides, the dominant discussions handle internationalization of higher education as a global issue. Thus, there is a need to focus on the economically developing and non-Anglophone periphery of higher education, which requires adequate assessment of the concept of regional schemes for internationalization (Denman, 2001). Recent analyses suggest that there are emerging regional schemes facilitation internationalization in higher education (Knight & Altbach, 2007). Like other parts of the world, in the Balkan region, there are growing dynamics accelerating regional cooperation in higher education. In this frame, Turkey emerges as a center of attraction for students and faculty in the Balkans. The study conducted on the foreign students studying in Turkey showed that personal motivations are prominent for students coming from Western and economically developed countries while economic and academic rationales are more prominent for students from Eastern and economically developing countries, including the Balkans, behind their choice of Turkey as a destination for study abroad (Kondakci, 2011). This study focuses on students coming from Balkan countries since the historical and cultural ties between Balkan countries and Turkey are strong (Friedman, 2005). Moreover, according to 2010 statistics, from 25838 incoming students studying in Turkey, 3737 of them were Balkan students (UNESCO, 2012). Therefore, revealing the contribution of the ties on student mobility between Turkey and the Balkans is expected to illuminate other regional cooperation schemes, which share the same dynamics. Based on this brief discussion, this study aims to reveal the rationales attracting students from Balkan countries to Turkey. The political, economic, academic and cultural/social typology, developed by Knight (1999), was used in analyzing the rationales of Balkan students’ preference for Turkey. More specifically, the study utilized the pull-push terminology (Wilkins et al., 2012) in the analysis of the rationales. As a result, different social, political, economic dynamics pulling to Turkey are identified.
14th European Conference on Educational Research (ECER) (10 - 13 Eylül 2013)

Suggestions

An analysis of the present state of educational administration scholarship in Turkey from the perceptions of the scholars in Ankara
Örücü, Deniz; Şimşek, Hasan; Department of Educational Sciences (2006)
This study aimed to explore the present state of educational administration scholarship in Turkey as perceived by the educational administration scholars working actively at universities in Ankara. In this study, qualitative research technique was employed. It was conducted in Educational Administration Programmes of Departments of Educational Sciences at the three state universities in Ankara. The participants were 8 professors, 1 associate professor and 10 assistant professors from Ankara University, Hace...
Evaluation of the Turkish Language Teaching Program for foreigners at Minsk State Linguistic University in Belarus : a case study
Yıldız, Ümit; Aksu, Meral; Department of Educational Sciences (2004)
The aim of this study is to evaluate the Turkish Language Teaching Program for Foreigners at Minsk State Linguistic University in Belarus. The study aims to answer the following two main questions: 1) what are the discrepancies between the current status and the desired outcomes of the Turkish program at MSLU? 2) What aspects of the Turkish program should be maintained, strengthened or added? In order to answer these questions, data were collected from students who were attending the program in the 2002-200...
Evaluation of computer education and instructional technology programs: Students' and faculty members' perception
Onay, Pınar; Yıldırım, Zahide; Department of Computer Education and Instructional Technology (2003)
This study evaluated Computer Education and Instructional Technology Education Programs of Ankara, Gazi, Hacettepe and Middle East Technical Universities, in Ankara Turkey, through students' and faculty members' perceptions. The specific themes such as students' charactersitics, departments' goals, curriculum, quality, faculty members, resources, instructional and evaluation methods, weaknesses and powerful sides and understanding of instructional technology were investigated in this study. 352 students and...
Investigation of the effect of student and school background variables, teaching and learning variables and non-cognitive outcomes on the components of scientific literacy in programme for international student assessment (PISA 2015)
Orhan, Burcu; Geban, Ömer; Department of Secondary Science and Mathematics Education (2020-9)
This study aims to explore science-related student and school factors and their effects on 15-year-old Turkish students’ scientific literacy skills by using the data from Programme for International Student Assessment (PISA 2015). PISA 2015 was implemented with the participation of 187 schools and 5895 students from Turkey. Student-level variables of the study are out-of-school study time for science, science activities, science self-efficacy, interest in broad science topics, enjoyment of science, instrume...
Exploring technology integration approaches and practices of preservice and in-service english language teachers
Akcaoğlu, Mete; Eröz Tuğa, Betil; Department of English Literature (2008)
In this study, three aspects of technology integration in English Language Teaching within the context of private universities in Ankara, Turkey were investigated. Firstly, preservice and in-service teachers’ computer usage frequencies/types, computer competence levels, perceived barriers to technology integration and attitudes toward computers were explored. Then, factors (age, gender, work experience, institutional factors being preservice or in-service) that might potentially affect the findings of the f...
Citation Formats
Ö. Çalışkan, B. Bulut Şahin, M. A. Yılık, C. Engin Demir, and Y. Kondakçı, “Rationales for Regional Internationalization between Turkey and the Balkans,” presented at the 14th European Conference on Educational Research (ECER) (10 - 13 Eylül 2013), 2013, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/77967.