Energy Justice: A Social Sciences and Humanities Cross-cutting Theme Report

Energy justice seeks to embed principles of justice, fairness and social equity into energy systems and energy system transitions. This report gives an overview of emerging research in ‘energy justice’ and explores how ideas within different Social Sciences and Humanities (SSH) disciplines interact with key concepts in this rapidly expanding new field. Focusing on three different disciplines - Economics, Business Studies, and Gender Studies - this report highlights the different ways in which an interdisciplinary approach can contribute towards mutually beneficial learning between these disciplines and energy justice research. Specifically, we explore: (1) the energy justice challenges posed by pursuing efficiency over equity in mainstream Economics; (2) the potential for businesses to be facilitators of energy justice; and (3) the importance of integrating issues of gender inequality into energy justice research. These interdisciplinary discussions are relevant for Horizon 2020, wider European Union (EU) energy policy, and SHAPE ENERGY’s objectives.As energy systems and transitions operate at different scales, energy justice can be local, regional, national and international in both approach and application. Drawing on ‘top-down’ and ‘bottom-up’ perspectives, it is also underpinned by two frameworks: a decision-making framework, and the three core tenets of energy justice. Firstly, the decision-making framework consists of eight key principles: availability; affordability; due process; transparency and accountability; sustainability; intra-generational equity; inter-generational equity; and responsibility. According to the framework these principles should be used by decision-makers when formulating energy policy, to provide more equitable and just energy policy outputs. Secondly, the three core tenets of energy justice can be applied across energy systems and are applicable at a variety of scales. The application of these tenets aims to identify where injustice occurs within energy systems, and, how justice can be achieved:•••procedural justice - the ability of people to be involved in decision-making procedures around energy system infrastructures and technologies;•••distributional justice - questions of the siting of energy infrastructure and economic issues of benefits and burdens (‘who gets what’); and•••recognition justice- understanding the basis for social inequalities and the acknowledgement or dismissal of marginalised and deprived communities in relation to energy systems.Given the rise in social inequality within many EU states because of multiple converging structural, financial and economic crises, EU energy policy needs to focus more heavily on its social impacts. This focus is also needed for the diverse efforts of member states to instigate low-carbon and renewable energy transitions. Consequently, energy justice needs much greater attention so as to effectively meet many of the EU’s future energy challenges. This has serious relevance to many of Horizon 2020’s ‘Societal Challenges’, such as the ‘Secure, Clean and Efficient Energy’ theme, and can contribute to analysis of the broader social impacts of the EU ‘Energy Strategy and Energy Union’ plan. This report thus concludes with the following recommendations: (1) funding new areas of energy justice research to sit alongside all areas of EU energy policy; (2) a cross-disciplinary energy justice framework to advance research with STEM researchers; and (3) a specific ‘Energy justice in the EU’ session at the SHAPE ENERGY Pan-European conference.Our research priority lies in ensuring that a fair, just and equitable energy system emerges within the EU over the coming decades. As our report states, in all policy and decision making scenarios regarding energy; fairness, equity, inclusiveness and justice are increasingly sought to ensure wider social acceptance, alongside enabling more efficient implementation of new energy technologies. We feel energy justice is fundamental to the realisation of these scenarios in practice.


Energy Packet Networks With Energy Harvesting
Gelenbe, Erol; Ceran Arslan, Elif Tuğçe (2016-01-01)
We investigate the cooperation among energy prosumers (unified energy provider and consumer) through the energy packet network (EPN) paradigm, which represents both the flow of work that requires energy, and the flow of energy itself, in terms of discrete units. This paper details a stochastic model of EPNs, which is inspired from a branch of queuing theory called G -networks. The model allows us to compute the equilibrium state of a system that includes energy storage units, energy transmission networks, a...
Participation of combined cycle power plants to power system frequency control: modelling and application
Yılmaz, Oğuz; Erkmen, İsmet; Department of Electrical and Electronics Engineering (2006)
This thesis proposes a method and develops a model for the participation of a combined cycle power plant to power system frequency control. Through the period of integration to the UCTE system, (Union for Coordination of Transmission of Electricity in Europe) frequency behavior of Turkey̕s grid and studies related to its improvement had been a great concern, so is the reason that main subject of my thesis became as أPower System Frequency Controlؤ. Apart from system-wide global control action (secondary con...
Energy efficiency and rebound effect for household gas consumption: evidence from Ankara
Yılmaz, Zehra İlknur; Sarı, Ramazan; Department of Earth System Science (2019)
Increasing energy demand and concerns about energy security and climate change have led to energy efficiency to become one of the important energy policy objectives in many countries. It is conceived that energy efficiency improvements will decrease energy consumption and CO2 emissions. However, actual efficiency savings are often less than projected savings because of consumer behavior. This concept is known as the rebound effect which is an important factor to be considered while estimating results of ene...
Energy system analysis of a pilot net-zero exergy district
Kılkış, Şiir (2014-11-01)
The Rational Exergy Management Model (REMM) provides an analytical model to curb primary energy spending and CO2 emissions by means of considering the level of match between the grade/quality of energy resources (exergy) on the supply and demand sides. This model is useful for developing forward-looking concepts with an energy systems perspective. One concept is net-zero exergy districts, which produce as much energy at the same grade or quality as consumed on an annual basis. This paper analyzes the distri...
Energy consumption and GDP: causality relationship in G-7 countries and emerging markets
Soytaş, Uğur; Sarı, Ramazan (2003-01-01)
The causality relationship between energy consumption and income is a well-studied topic in energy economics. This paper studies the time series properties of energy consumption and GDP and reexamines the causality relationship between the two series in the top 10 emerging markets-excluding China due to lack of data-and G-7 countries. We discover bi-directional causality in Argentina, causality running from GDP to energy consumption in Italy and Korea, and from energy consumption to GDP in Turkey, France, G...
Citation Formats
Ç. Topal, E. Voyvoda, E. Karababa, and M. Lacey-barnacle, “Energy Justice: A Social Sciences and Humanities Cross-cutting Theme Report,” 2017, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: