Teacher self-efficacy, an adapted version of self-efficacy in teaching context (Fives & Alexander, 2004) is related to teachers’ belief in their ability to teach mathematics (personal efficacy) and their belief that students’ learning can be influenced by effective teaching. Tschannen-Moran and Woolfolk Hoy (2001) stated that teacher efficacy is an important determinant for teachers’ persistence, enthusiasm, commitment, and instructional decisions. Development of efficacy-belief is important to investigate since it is hard to change well-established belief systems (Woolfolk Hoy, 2001). Thus, conducting longitudinal studies is important to see the changes in self-efficacy across time (Woodcock, 2011). As a continuation of Işıksal-Bostan’s work (2016), the aim of this longitudinal study was to investigate prospective middle school mathematics teachers’ (PMMT) efficacy belief. Thus, following research question guide the present study: 1. How does PMMT mathematics teaching efficacy belief change during their enrollment in teacher education program and at the end of their first year and second year employment as a teacher?. A longitudinal survey design was used. Data were collected from 30 prospective mathematics teachers enrolled in large public university in Ankara, Turkey. The first data were collected from PMMT before their graduation (Time 1). The second data set were collected at the end of their first year employment (Time 2). Last data set were collected at the end of their second year of employment as a teacher (Time 3). Mathematics Teaching Efficacy Belief Instrument (MTEBI, Enochs et al., 2000) was used to collect data. Findings showed that the total mathematics teaching efficacy scores differed significantly between time periods (p=.01). More specifically, total efficacy score decreased significantly (p=.01) from Time 1( M= 85.8, SD= 7.4) to Time 2 (M= 81.2, SD= 7.4). Participants’ efficacy scores started to increase after Time 2 and created significant difference (p=.01) between Time 2 and Time 3 (M= 84.7, SD= 5.9). Findings revealed that there was no significant difference in mean scores between Time 1 and Time 3 (p=.5). Parallel to the overall efficacy scores, findings revealed that participants self-efficacy and outcome scores decreased significantly from Time 1 to Time 2 increased significantly in the Time period 3. Findings revealed that teachers’ efficacy belief decreased significantly after their graduation. When the first data set were they had completed their course in which they had many opportunities to prepare activities, observe students and their mentor teachers. Thus, those engagements could have positively influenced their efficacy beliefs (Yürekli, 2015). However, findings revealed that there was a sharp decrease in teachers’ efficacy score after their recruitment as a teacher. However when novice teachers confronted with complexities of actual teaching, they may lose their confidence in their ability to teach mathematics effectively (Li & Zhang, 2000). Teachers’ efficacy belief increased at the end of their second year of employment. Better classroom experiences (Holzberger et al., 2013) and being more familiar with the content may be the factors that support that increase. Further qualitative research studies could be conducted to investigate the factors that support or inhibit teaching efficacy belief.
9th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (3 - 5 Temmuz 2017)


Professional development of teachers in PISA achiever countries: Finland, Estonia, Japan, Singapore and China
Tonga, Funda Eda; Eryiğit, Sümeyra; Yalçın, Fatma; Erden, Feyza Tantekin (2019-11-11)
The role of teachers in education is widely acknowledged in educational studies that routinely find that quality of teaching is fundamental to student success. Accordingly, this study set out to examine and describe the professional development of teachers in countries where students perform better in the PISA assessment, namely, Finland, Estonia, Japan, Singapore, and China. Data were obtained from primary sources and compared using Bereday's method. The general structure and systems used for professional ...
Mathematical practices of teachers in technology-enhanced classrooms: A case of teaching slope concept
Yemen Karpuzcu, Seçil; Işıksal Bostan, Mine (2019-12-18)
While it is obvious that teachers need to have mathematical knowledge under different domains, few studies put forward teaching practices associating them with teacher moves in the background of the mathematical knowledge used in teaching in a technology enhanced classroom environment. Moreover, characterizing those practices can show a practical understanding of the knowledge for its usefulness in teaching in which tools and dynamic technologies are deemed necessary. In this study, we examined the characte...
Işıksal Bostan, Mine; Koc, Yusuf; Aşkun, Cengiz Savaş (Scientific Journal Publishers Ltd, 2009-01-01)
The purpose of this study was to explore the effects of type of educational system and years spent in teacher education programs on preservice teachers' mathematics anxiety and mathematical self-concept scores. The sample consisted of 234 American and 276 Turkish early childhood and elementary school preservice teachers. The Abbreviated Mathematics Anxiety Scale (AMAS; Hopko, 2003) was used to measure how anxious preservice teachers feel during a specific mathematics related event. In order to measure the m...
Re-defining language teacher cognition through a data-driven model: The case of three EFL teachers
Öztürk, Gökhan; Gürbüz, Nurdan (2017-01-01)
This study examined the main sources of the participant English as a foreign language (EFL) teachers' cognitions, their classroom practices and the impact of institutional context on these practices. The participants included three Turkish EFL instructors working at English preparatory programs at university level. The data were collected through three semi-structured interviews, twelve hours of classroom observations with follow-up stimulated recall interviews, and reflective journal entries. To analyse th...
A Longitudinal Study on Mathematics Teaching Efficacy: Which Factors (Un)Support the Development?
Işıksal Bostan, Mine (2016-08-01)
The aim of this longitudinal study was to examine prospective teachers' mathematics teaching efficacy belief during their enrollment in teacher education program and at the end of their first year of teaching. In addition, the factors that enhance or inhibit participants' efficacy belief and how these factors affect their mathematics teaching efficacy when they become inservice teacher were investigated. Mixed research design was used in which data were collected through longitudinal survey and electronic i...
Citation Formats
M. Işıksal Bostan, “MATHEMATICS TEACHING EFFICACY: DOES HAVING EXPERIENCE REALLY MATTERS?,” presented at the 9th International Conference on Education and New Learning Technologies (3 - 5 Temmuz 2017), 2017, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: