Increasing shelf life of cooked beans by means of rapid cooling

2015-08-10
Şahin, Serpil
Koc, Ezgi
Yesım, Soyer
Microorganisms which are resistant to cooking conditions proliferate rapidly during cooling period until they are put into the refrigerator. The temperature range of 8°C-68°C at which microorganisms grow and proliferate rapidly is known as “danger zone” in literature. The objective of this study was to observe the effect of rapid cooling of hot meal on microbial load, pH and color change. Cooked white beans containing meat will be brought to 68°C at room temperature and then they will be cooled to 8°C using three different cooling rates (10°C/h, 30° C/h and 50°C/h) and then stored in the refrigerator. Hot meal cooked at the same condition, cooled down to 40°C at room temperature and then stored in the refrigerator was used as a control. The microbial load including the analysis of total mesophilic bacteria, total mold and yeast, Pseudomonas spp. and lactic acid bacteria (LAB) as well as pH and color values of meal during storage at 4±1°C were recorded. LAB growth was not observed in white bean meal while Pseudomonas spp. was found to be the dominant bacteria. Increasing cooling rate was found to decrease color change. At the end of thirty days of storage at 4±1°C, the meal cooled at the rate of 10°C/h showed 2340 cfu/g total bacteria growth while the meals cooled at the rate of 30°C/h and 50°C/h showed no growth during this time. In conclusion, rapid cooling was found to be an effective way of increasing shelf life of hot meal.
Citation Formats
S. Şahin, E. Koc, and S. Yesım, “Increasing shelf life of cooked beans by means of rapid cooling,” presented at the 4th International Conference and Exhibition on Food Processing & Technology, 10 - 12 Ağustos 2015, London, Kanada, 2015, Accessed: 00, 2021. [Online]. Available: https://hdl.handle.net/11511/86042.